MI0033 – SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER 2016
PROGRAM MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (MBA)
SEMESTER III
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MI0033 – SOFTWARE ENGINEERING
BK ID B1965
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question.1. With a neat diagram explain the concept of Waterfall model and V-shaped model.

 

Answer:The waterfall model is a sequential (non-iterative) design process, used in software development processes, in which progress is seen as flowing steadily downwards (like a waterfall) through the phases of conception, initiation, analysis, design, construction, testing, production/implementation and maintenance.

 

 

 

 

Question.2. Define Software Requirements Specification (SRS). Explain the importance of SRSin software development.

 

Answer:A software requirements specification (SRS) is a description of a software system to be developed. It lays out functional and non-functional requirements, and may include a set of use cases that describe user interactions that the software must provide.

 

Software requirements specification establishes the

 

Question.3. Briefly explain the different phases of project management process.

 

Answer:At the root of any successful project is a project manager (PM) worth his or her weight in gold. While some people think a project manager’s sole job is to remind everyone about deadlines and set up status meeting, that’s simply not the case.

 

There is a science to what they do — they have a deep

 

 

Question.4. a. Explain the system architecture

 

Answer:A system architecture is a conceptual model that defines the structure, behavior, and more views of a system. An architecture description is a formal description and representation of a system, organized in a way that supports reasoning about the structures and behaviors of the system.

 

A system architecture can comprise system components that will work together to implement the overall system. There have been efforts to formalize languages to describe system architecture, collectively these are called architecture description languages (ADLs).

 

 

  1. Explain the system specification review with different segments of system specificationreview

 

Answer:A System Requirements Review (SRR) is a formal review conducted to ensure that system requirements have been completely and properly identified and that a mutual understanding between the government and contractor exists. It ensure that the system under review can proceed into initial systems development and that all system and performance requirements derived from the Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) or draft Capability Development Document (CDD) are defined and testable, and are consistent with cost, schedule, risk,

 

 

 

Question.5. What is integration testing? Explain the different methods of integration testing.

 

Answer:Integration Testing is a level of software testing where individual units are combined and tested as a group.

 

 

 

 

Question.6. Explain the code inspection technique. What are the different steps followed to conduct codeinspection?

 

Answer:There are various names for the same thing. Some call it software inspection, which also could extend to the design and its documentation, some call it code inspection which relates more to the source code. A third name would be Fagan Inspection, called after the person who invented this quality assurance and testing method.

 

Code inspections are a highly efficient test method which can not be substituted by any other test methods. It is time consuming but according to statistics it will find up to 80% of the contained faults, if done properly. However it all depends on the methods and checks applied and on the diligence of the inspectors. It must not be

 

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MU0018 – Change Management

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER2016
PROGRAM Master of Business Administration- MBA
SEMESTER Semester 4
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MU0018 – Change Management
BK ID B1807
CREDIT & MARKS 4Credits, 60 marks

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

 

Question.1. Describe Kotter’s Eight Step Change Model.

 

Answer:Whether you’re considering a small change to one or two processes, or a system wide change to an organization, it’s common to feel uneasy and intimidated by the scale of the challenge.

 

You know that the change needs to happen, but you don’t really know how to go about delivering it. Where do you start? Whom do you involve? How do you see it through to the end?

 

 

 

Question.2. What are OD interventions? How are they useful to the organizations?

 

Answer:In an effort to increase its viability and effectiveness, a company will employ interventions as it implements various change agents. The purpose of such interventions is to improve productivity, performance or behaviors through a series of structured individual and team activities that focus on what employees do and how they do it.

 

 

 

Question.3. Discuss the reasons for employees’ resistance to change.

 

Answer:The resistance to organisational change is rarely

 

Question.4. What do you mean by Organizational Effectiveness? Explain the approaches involved in achieving Organizational Effectiveness

 

Answer:Organizational effectiveness can be defined as the efficiency with which an association is able to meet its objectives. This means an organization that produces a desired effect or an organization that is productive without waste. Organizational effectiveness is about each individual doing everything they know how to do and doing it well; in other words organizational efficiency is the capacity of an organization to produce the desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, and human and material resources

 

 

Question.5. What do you mean by Change Agent? Describe the characteristics of successful Change Agents.

 

Answer:The change agent may be in the form of a consultant who helps the clients find solutions to the organizational problems. It could also be in the form of a trainer who trains the client to achieve a set of skills that could be used in bringing about the change for optimal outcomes.

 

This change agent must have certain characteristics which would identify it to be more effective than others. According to Shaskin and Morris, the

 

 

 

Question.6. Write a brief note on the following:

 

a)Herzberg’s Motivation Theory

 

Answer:The two-factor theory (also known as Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory and dual-factor theory) states that there are certain factors in the workplace that cause job satisfaction, while a separate set of factors cause dissatisfaction. It was developed by psychologist Frederick Herzberg, who theorized that job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction act independently of each other.

 

 

b)Kurt Lewin’s Model of Change

 

Answer:Lewin’s three stage theory of change is commonly referred to as Unfreeze, Change, Freeze (or Refreeze). It is possible to take these stages to quite complicated levels but I don’t believe this is necessary to be able to work with the theory. But be aware that the theory has been criticised for being too simplistic.

 

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MU0017 – TALENT MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEERETENTION

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER2016
PROGRAM Master of Business Administration- MBA
SEMESTER 4
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MU0017 – TALENT MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEERETENTION
BK ID B1869
Credit & Marks 4 CREDIT, 60 MARKS

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1. What are competency characteristics? Describe some of them.

 

Answer:Competence is the ability of an individual to do a job properly. A competency is a set of defined behaviors that provide a structured guide enabling the identification, evaluation and development of the behaviors in individual employees. The term “competence” first appeared in an article authored by R.W. White in 1959 as a concept for performance motivation. In 1970, Craig C. Lundberg defined the concept in “Planning the Executive Development Program”. The term gained traction when in 1973, David McClelland wrote a seminal paper entitled, “Testing for Competence Rather Than for Intelligence”. It has since been popularized

 

 

 

Question. 2. Define Talent Management. Discuss the Talent management Approaches.

 

Answer:In order to get a sense of where the practice of talent management is headed, it may be helpful to explore briefly where it has come from. The notion of talent management as defined above is associated with the rise of large corporations in the 1950s. The firms that dominated the early days of industrial production had no talent management issues. The owners were the managers, but there was often little to manage, as

 

 

Question. 3. Briefly describe the different Talent Management Processes?

 

Answer:A talent management system (TMS) is an integrated software suite that addresses the “four pillars” of talent management: recruitment; performance management; learning and development; and compensation management.

 

Whereas traditional HRMS and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems focus primarily on transaction processing and the administration of basic human

 

 

Question. 4. Explain the key Compensation principles. What do you mean by Total rewards?Describe the elements of Total rewards

 

Answer:The WorldatWork Total Rewards Model demonstrates the dynamic relationship between employers and employees. Originally introduced in 2000, it has evolved to depict the strategic elements of the employer-employee exchange as well as to reflect how external influences and an increasingly global business environment affect attraction, motivation, retention and engagement.

 

What Is Total Rewards?

 

 

Question. 5. Explain the role of IT in Talent Management Systems.

 

Answer:Information technology and system have changed the way business gets conducted. Every decision-making process is enhanced with utilization of an information system. Information systems have been deployed by human-resource team to enhance employee employer relationship.

 

Companies require great deal of contribution from employee for its success though information systems have made several processes automated.

 

Question. 6.Write short notes on:

 

a)Promoting ethics in workplace

 

Answer:It is important for staffers to focus on accomplishing key company goals and developing good working relationships in the office, but it is equally important to ensure ethical conduct among employees. Ethical conduct ensures that your business maintains a reputation for sound professional principles and values that are directly in

 

b)Talent Review

 

Answer:The talent review process is centered around one or more talent review meetings intended to evaluate organizational trends, assess strengths, and address areas of risk for an entire organization. The people invited to participate in the meeting, who are generally managers within the organization that is being reviewed, can review

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MU0016- PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT AND APPRAISAL

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER2016
PROGRAM MBA
SEMESTER 4
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MU0016- PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT AND APPRAISAL
BK ID B1868
Credit & Marks 4 CREDIT, 60 MARKS

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question.1. Discuss the principles and dimensions of Performance Management

 

Answer:Performance Management is a key process of HRM that provides basis for developing individual and business performance. And is a part of the reward system in the most general sense. The intention is to improve the performance of the individuals and teams. It is about getting better results by understanding and managing performance through an agree framework of planned goals, standards and competency requirements. Performance

 

 

Question.2. What do you mean by feedback? Explain its Role, Types and Principles.

 

Answer:Regardless of whether you are a senior executive or just starting out, everyone wants to know how she is doing at her job. Feedback is an essential communication tool in business performance management. One of the most effective techniques is constructive feedback, but all feedback calls for giving and receiving information.

 

 

Question.3. Assume that you have joined as an HR in an organization. The first task assigned toyou is to conduct the Performance Appraisal Process. What according to you is itspurpose? Describe the entire Performance Appraisal process.

 

Answer:

 

 

Traditional Methods:

 

Ranking Method:It is the oldest and simplest formal systematic method of performance appraisal in which employee is compared with all others for the purpose of placing order of worth. The employees are ranked from the highest to the lowest or from

 

 

Question.4. Discuss the skills that a line manager require for effective PerformanceManagement.

 

Answer:Often, line managers are promoted into management positions without really knowing where to start. They’re given the job description and are told to manage teams, finances, as well as put strategies into play. However, without the right skills and support, the delight of a new job (and salary) can turn into a nightmare all too quickly.

 

Jenny Carter, director of the new manager

 

 

Question.5. Define the term ‘Ethics’. Discuss the key factors involved in ensuring Ethics inPerformance Management(PM)

 

Answer:Performance evaluations are, by nature, somewhat subjective. This leaves employee reviews open to potential ethical complications. Managers may intentionally or unintentionally evaluate staffers using different criteria, which can elevate or devalue individual scores in an unethical manner. Managers may also fail to take their personal feelings into account when issuing performance judgment, which can bias their assessment, take the focus away from the professional elements of an evaluation, and skew the results.

 

 

 

Question.6. Write short notes on the following:

 

a)MBO

 

Answer:Management by Objectives (MBO):An MBO programme consists of four main steps: goal setting, performance standard, compari­son, and periodic review. In goal-setting, goals are set which each individual, s to attain. The superior and subordinate jointly establish these goals. The goals refer to the desired outcome to be achieved by each

 

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MU0015- COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER2016
PROGRAM MBA
SEMESTER 4
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MU0015- COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS
BK ID B1859
Credit & Marks 4 CREDIT, 60 MARKS

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question.1. Discuss the contents of Job Evaluation. Describe the process of Job evaluation

 

Answer:Content of Job Evaluation

 

The contents of job evaluation are as follows:

 

  • Job analysis: It is a process of examining the job content by breaking it down into its functions, elements, tasks, operations and processes.
  • Job description: It is a written and general

 

 

 

Question.2. Suppose you are a HR Manager and you are asked to develop an effective IncentiveScheme for your organization. What are the pre-requisites you will consider whiledeveloping an Effective Incentive Scheme? Discuss the merits and demerits ofIncentives

 

Answer:Merits of the Incentive System

 

Incentive system of wage distribution has

 

Question.3. Discuss the types of managerial remuneration. Explain the elements of amanagerial remuneration

 

Answer:Managerial remuneration is compensation for services provided to a company in a managerial capacity. This can include cash payments, along with benefits like stock options, health insurance, and bonuses. Managers are typically paid more than the people they supervise, although they tend to make less than the executives at the head of the company. Some pay structures are transparent, making it easy to determine how much money managers make, while others may be confidential.

 

 

 

Question.4. Define Pay based Structure. What are its objectives? Explain the major decisionsinvolved in designing and setting competitive pay structures

 

 

Answer:A pay/salary structure refers to the collection of salary grades, bands or levels, connection of related jobs within a series or hierarchy which helps the organisation in providing a framework for the implementation of various policies and reward strategies within the organisation. Various salary structures are connected with varying types of salary progression arrangements.

 

The Process of establishing pay structure consists of

 

 

Question.5. Explain the various criteria considered for rewarding the employees for their goodservice

 

Answer:The criteria for rewarding the employees for their good service in the firm are as follows:

 

  • Analyzing and surveying of staff: Conducting a survey is regarded as one of the most critical challenge for the firms when it comes to motivate their employees. For this the firm must deeply understand their employees as well as their culture. Thus for this, they have created “Culture Critique” by using the staff focus groups and also one-to-one interviews for both current and existing employees.

 

Question.6. Write a short note on the following:

  1. a) Wage Policy Plan in India

 

Answer:Main objectives of national wage policy in India are discussed below:

 

One of the objectives of economic planning is the raising of the standard of living of the people. This means that the benefits of planned economic development should be distributed among the different sections of the society.

 

 

 

b)Voluntary Retirement Scheme(VRS)

 

Answer:Voluntary retirement scheme is a method used by companies to reduce surplus staff. This mode has come about in India as labour laws do not permit direct retrenchment of unionized employees.

 

VRS applies to an employee who has completed 10 years of service or is above 40 years of age. It should apply to all employees (by whatever name

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MB0051-Legal Aspects of Business

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER 2016
PROGRAM MBADS/ MBAFLEX/ MBAHCSN3/ MBA – SEM 3

PGDBMN/ PGDENMN/ PGDFMN/ PGDHRMN/ PGDHSMN/ PGDIB/ PGDISMN/ PGDMMN/ PGDOMN/ PGDPMN/ PGDROMN/ PGDSCMN/ PGDTQMN – SEM 1

SUBJECT CODE & NAME MB0051-Legal Aspects of Business
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1725
MAX.MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

Question. 1. What are the rights of a surety?

 

 

Answer:Rights of Surety can be classified into three groups, as follows;

  • Rights against Principal debtor.
  • Rights against Creditor.

 

 

 

Question.2. Explain duties of a Bailor and a Bailee.

 

Answer:Rights of Bailer

 

  • If bailee does not take care and destruction of goods takes place, bailer can claim compensation.
  • If bailee uses the goods for un-authorized purposes, bailer has the right to claim compensation.
  • Bailer has the right to claim return of goods.
  • Bailer has right to claim not only delivered goods but also accruals on goods if any.
  • In case where bailee has mixed the goods and they are of sufferable nature, bailer can claim cost of separation from bailee.

 

 

 

Question.3. “Power of Attorney is considered as an important concept in Business Law”. Explain

 

Answer: A power of attorney (POA) or letter of attorney is a written authorization to represent or act on another’s behalf in private affairs, business, or some other legal matter, sometimes against the wishes of the other. The person authorizing the other to act is the principal, grantor, or donor (of the power). The one authorized to act is the agent or, in some common law jurisdictions, the attorney-in-fact (attorney for short). Formerly, a power referred to an instrument under seal while a letter was an instrument under hand, but today both are signed by the grantor, and

 

 

 

Question.4. “The Banking Regulation Act, 1949, provides various methods of regulation of the banking business”. Describe the key areas of regulation.

 

Answer:The Banking Regulation Act, 1949 is a legislation in India that regulates all banking firms in India. Initially, the law was applicable only to banking companies. But, 1965 it was amended to make it applicable to cooperative banks and to introduce other changes.

 

The Act provides a framework using which commercial

 

 

 

 

Question.5. Explain the nature and scope of complaints under the Consumer Protection Act?

 

Answer:When the Consumer Protection Act was initially enacted in 1986, goods purchased for commercial purpose (excluding those purchase for earning one’s livelihood) were excluded from the purview of the Act. Yet, surprisingly services availed or hired

 

 

 

Question.6. Explain the need and types of meetings.

 

Answer:Need for meeting: Meetings are the most misused tool in a leader’s communications toolkit. In most instances, meetings are used by executive leadership as a first response to most situations unnecessarily. X has just happened so we need to call a meeting, or we need to meet to talk about Y. If leaders took the time to peruse their communications toolkits they would discover they have a number of tools that would be much more effective than having a meeting. A meeting is called to assemble a number of people for a defined singular purpose. The meeting

 

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MB0050 – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER 2016
PROGRAM MBA– SEM 3
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MB0050 – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
BK ID B1700
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question.1 Define business research and explain the process of research?

 

Answer:Business research involves establishing objectives and gathering relevant information to obtain the answer to a business issue. You can conduct business research to answer a business-related question, such as: What is the target market of my product? Business research can also be used to solve a business-related problem, such as determining how to decrease the amount of excess inventory on hand. Adequate planning and information-gathering are essential to derive results for your business.

 

Steps in the process of research

 

The business research process entails learning everything possible about a company’s customers, competitors and the industry. The major objectives of the process are determining what products or services to offer, which customers are most

 

 

 

Question.2 Discuss Descriptive Research designs? Explain the different kinds of descriptive research designs.

 

Answer:Sometimes an individual wants to know something about a group of people. Maybe the individual is a would-be senator and wants to know who they’re representing or a surveyor who is looking to see if there is a need for a mental health program.

 

Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study.

 

There are three ways a researcher can go about

 

 

 

Question.3 Discuss four types of measurements scales with appropriate examples.

 

Answer:There are four measurement scales (or types of data): nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio.  These are simply ways to categorize different types of variables.  This topic is usually discussed in the context of academic teaching and less often in the “real world.”  If you are brushing up on this concept for a statistics test, thank a psychologist researcher named Stanley Stevens for coming up with these terms.  These four measurement scales (nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio) are best understood with example, as you’ll see below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question.4 Differentiate between the Stratified random sampling and Systematic sampling.

 

Answer:Simple random samples and stratified random samples differ in how the sample is drawn from the overall population of data. Simple random samples involve the random selection of data from the entire population so that each possible sample is equally likely to occur. In contrast, stratified random sampling divides the population into smaller groups, or strata, based on shared characteristics. A random sample is taken from each stratum in direct proportion to the size of the stratum compared to the population. The sample

 

 

 

Question.5 Distinguish between coding closed-ended structured questions and coding open-ended structured questions

 

Answer:The main difference between a closed-ended question and an open-ended question is the type of response that can be given. With a closed-ended question there are a limited number of choices to choose from when answering, but with an open-ended question the respondent can answer in their own words allowing for a wide variety of answers.

 

Another difference between a closed-ended

 

 

Question.6 Explain the Structure of the Research Report. What are the guidelines for effective report writing?

 

Answer:The major difference amongst the types of reports is that all the elements that make a research report would be present only in a detailed technical report.

 

Usage of theoretical and technical jargon would be higher in the technical report and visual presentation of data would be higher in the management report. In the management report, the sequencing of the report might be reversed to suit the needs of the decision-maker, as here the reader needs to review and absorb the findings.

 

 

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BT9403, Virtual Reality

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER 2016
PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER SIXTH
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT9403, Virtual Reality
BK ID B1368
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question.1. With the help of block diagram explain Convolvotron.

 

Answer:Early on in the development of virtual reality, it was seen that sound should have some type of interactive, spatial character imposed on it. At NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California, the development of one of the first “goggles and gloves” virtual reality systems in the mid-1980s by Scott Fisher and his colleagues was paralleled with the development of one of the first interactive, virtual auditory displays (Wenzel, Wightman, and Foster, 1988). The 3-D audio display termed the Convolvotron^’^ by its developers, Elizabeth Wenzel and Scott Foster, was developed separately from the visual portion of the NASA virtual

 

 

Question.2. Explain haptic feedback and sensing.

 

Answer:Haptic or kinesthetic communication recreates the sense of touch by applying forces, vibrations, or motions to the user. This mechanical stimulation can be used to assist in the creation of virtual objects in a computer simulation, to control such virtual objects, and to enhance the remote control of machines and devices (telerobotics). Haptic devices may incorporate tactile sensors that measure forces exerted by the user on

 

 

Question.3. Write short notes on:

 

  1. Multiple pipeline synchronization

 

Answer:Most project environments do not have the luxury of being able to focus on only one effort. Most project environments are multi-project environments

 

 

  1. Distributed VR engine

 

Answer:Distributed VR is very simple; a simulated world runs not on one computer system, but on several. The computers are connected over a network (possibly the global Internet) and people using those computers are able to interact in real time, sharing the same virtual world. In theory, people can be sitting at home in London, Paris, New York and Edmonton, all interacting in a meaningful way in VR.

 

It’s clear that there are a number of obstacles to be

 

 

Question.4. Explain the first stage of haptic rendering.

 

Answer:When exploring virtual environments, we interact with objects through the end point of the probe, known as the Haptic Interface Point (HIP). At the same time, we also consider another point, named as the Ideal Haptic Interface Point (IHIP) -similar to the so called god-object point (Zilles and Salisbury, 1995)- to follow the trace of the HIP. The HIP is not constrained and, therefore, it can penetrate the object. However, we constrain the IHIP such that it doesn’t penetrate any object. When the HIP is outside the virtual object, the IHIP will be coincident with the HIP. If HIP penetrates a virtual object, the IHIP will stay on the surface of the object.

 

 

Question.5.Explain the process of automatic cell segmentation.

 

Answer:With the rapid development of microscopy for cell imaging, there is a strong and growing demand for image analysis software to quantitatively study cell morphology. Automatic cell segmentation is an important step in image analysis. Despite substantial progress, there is still a need to improve the accuracy, efficiency, and adaptability to different cell morphologies. In this paper, we propose a fully automatic method for

 

 

Question.6. What are the advantages of stereopsis?

 

Answer:Stereopsis (from the Greek στερεο- stereo- meaning “solid”, and ὄψιςopsis, “appearance, sight”) is a term that is most often used to refer to the perception of depth and 3-dimensional structure obtained on the basis of visual information deriving from two eyes by individuals with normally developed binocular vision. Because the eyes of humans, and many animals, are located at different lateral positions on the head, binocular vision results in two slightly different images projected to the retinas of the eyes. The differences are

 

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BT9302, Human Computer Interface

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER 2016
PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER SIXTH
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT9302, Human Computer Interface
BK ID B1364
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1. What is the importance of good user interface design?

 

Answer:Ever since the dot-come bubble of the mid-1990s, thousands of businesses have made a presence online. Although doing so is a very wise decision, it must be done correctly in order to be effective. As a result, the success of a website depends on numerous design, development, and marketing factors. One of the most important of these factors falls under the category of design, which is user interface design. Also known as user experience “UX” and user interface “UI” design is what makes the layout and organization of a website easy-to-use.

 

 

 

 

Question. 2. Explain the benefits of good user interface design.

 

Answer:It is important for any web designer to design functional sites that can easily generate interest and online traffic among the internet users. The user interface design of your site plays an vital role in bringing high volume web traffic to it. Therefore, web designers should give due importance to the user interface of the site which is being designed by them.

 

 

 

Question. 3. Mention the supporting functions for graphical user interface.

 

Answer:The graphical user interface (GUI /ɡuːiː/), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation. GUIs were introduced in reaction to the perceived steep learning curve of command-line interfaces (CLIs), which require commands to be typed on a computer keyboard.

 

 

 

Question. 4. What are the features direct manipulatio interface provides?

 

Answer:In computer science, direct manipulation is a human–computer interaction style which involves continuous representation of objects of interest and rapid, reversible, and incremental actions and feedback. As opposed to other interaction styles, for example, a command language, the intention of direct manipulation is to allow a user to manipulate objects presented to them, using actions that correspond at least loosely to manipulation of physical objects. An example of direct-manipulation is resizing a graphical shape, such as a rectangle, by dragging its corners or edges with a mouse.

 

 

Question. 5. Write short notes on layout of controls.

 

Answer:Layout of controls is critical to an applications usability. Arranging controls based on fixed pixel coordinates may work for an limited enviroment, but as soon as you want to use it on different screen resolutions or with different font sizes it will fail. WPF provides a rich set built-in layout panels that help you to avoid the common pitfalls.

 

These are the five most popular layout panels of WPF:

 

 

 

 

Question. 6. Mention the advantages and disadvantages of graphical system.

 

Answer:The advantages of a graphical user interface (GUI) are ease of use, higher productivity and better accessibility. Electronic devices with GUIs often let users accomplish tasks at a faster rate over devices that employ older interfaces.

 

 

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BT0092, Software Project Management

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER 2016
PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER SIXTH
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT0092, Software Project Management
BK ID B1363
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Question. 1. Explain Hierarchical Organizational Structure.

 

Answer:Hierarchy is a way to structure an organization using different levels of authority and a vertical link, or chain of command, between superior and subordinate levels of the organization. Higher levels control lower levels of the hierarchy. You can think of an organizational hierarchy as a pyramid. The highest level of authority is at the top of the pyramid, and orders flow from this top level down to the next level where it continues to move on down until it reaches the level where the order is supposed to be carried out.

 

 

Question. 2. What are the factors influencing Project Management?

 

Answer:The methods and tactics applied for managing projects depend on the kind of project you deal with. The project structure, processes involved varies based on the kind of products or services you offer, and the market it is concerned with. For example, the project management tactics applied in a product manufacturing firm will be different from that of a construction firm.

 

Here is a look at a few factors that affect project management.

 

7 Factors Affecting Project Management

 

 

Question. 3. What are the different tasks performed in project planning?

 

Answer:According to the Project Management Institute Inc., project management is a collection of activities using tools, knowledge, skills and techniques to meet the requirements of a project. Companies may use projects to develop a new product, change a process, or solve problems. There are five phases of a successful project. Project teams complete specific tasks in each phase to complete project goals.

 

Project Selection

 

 

Question. 4. Mention and explain different types of Software Testing.

 

Answer:Software testing is the process of evaluation a software item to detect differences between given input and expected output. Also to assess the feature of A software item. Testing assesses the quality of the product. Software testing is a process that should be done during the development process. In other words software testing is a verification and validation process.

 

Verification: Verification is the process to make sure the

 

 

Question. 5. Mention different Software cost estimation methods.

 

Answer:Software projects are notorius for going past their deadline, going over budget, or both. The problem lies in the estimation of the amount of effort required for the development of a project. The cost estimation is usually dependent upon the size estimate of the project, which may use lines of code or function points as metrics. There are several different

 

 

 

Question. 6. Mention different features of a PERT chart.

 

Answer:A PERT chart is a project management tool used to schedule, organize, and coordinate tasks within a project. PERT stands for Program Evaluation Review Technique, a methodology developed by the U.S. Navy in the 1950s to manage the Polaris submarine missile program. A similar methodology, the Critical Path Method (CPM) was developed for project management in the private sector at about the same time.

 

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