BT0075, RDBMS and MySQL

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ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER 3
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT0075, RDBMS and MySQL
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1003
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Explain the blob, text and enum data types.

Answer: Properly defining the fields in a table is important to the overall optimization of your database. You should use only the type and size of field you really need to use; don’t define a field as 10 characters wide if you know you’re only going to use 2 characters. These types of fields (or columns) are also referred to as data types, after the type of data you will be storing in those fields.

 

MySQL uses many different data types broken into three categories: numeric, date and time, and string types.

Date and Time Types:

The MySQL date and time datatypes are:

 

 

 

2 How to alter databases and tables? Explain with the help of examples.

Answer: MySQL ALTER command is very useful when you want to change a name of your table, any table field or if you want to add or delete an existing column in a table.

Let’s begin with creation of a table called testalter_tbl.

root@host# mysql -u root -p password;

Enter password:*******

mysql> use TUTORIALS;

Database changed

mysql> create table testalter_tbl

-> (

-> i INT,

-> c CHAR(1)

-> );

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.05 sec)

mysql> SHOW COLUMNS FROM testalter_tbl;

+——-+———+——+—–+———+——-+

| Field | Type    | Null | Key | Default | Extra |

+——-+———+——+—–+———+——-+

| i     | int(11) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |

| c     | char(1) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |

+——-+———+——+—–+———+——-+

2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

 

Dropping, Adding or Repositioning a Column:

Suppose we want to drop an existing column i from above MySQL table then you will use DROP clause along with ALTER command as follows:

 

 

 

3 Explain update and replace statements with examples.

Answer: In SQL, a view is a virtual table based on the result-set of an SQL statement.

A view contains rows and columns, just like a real table. The fields in a view are fields from one or more real tables in the database.

We cab add SQL functions, WHERE, and JOIN statements to a view and present the data as if the data were coming from one single table.

SQL CREATE VIEW Syntax:

CREATE VIEW view_name AS

SELECT column_name(s)

FROM table_name

 

 

 

 

4 Explain the date and time functions in detail.

Answer: Defines a time of a day without time zone awareness and is based on a 24-hour clock. Click here to read more from msdn.

Syntax: – time [ (fractional second precision) ]

 

Where ‘fractional seconds precision’ specifies the number of digits for the fractional part of the seconds. its default by 7 and can be from 0 to 7.

 

 

5 Define grant tables. Describe the steps to set up MySQL user accounts. Also explain the method to assign passwords to the anonymous accounts.

 

Answer: One of the most powerful aspects of the MySQL server is the amazing amount of control the administrator has over each user’s intended behavior. This control can restrict user privileges over a general part of the server, such as limited access to an entire database, but can also be as specific as limiting privileges for a specific table or even column.

 

One of the most powerful aspects of the

 

 

 

 

 

6 Briefly describe the error log and general query log.

 

Answer: If you are a web developer, you need to refer to various log files, in order to debug your application or improve its performance. Logs is the best place to start troubleshooting. Concerning the famous MySQL database server (or MariaDB server), you need to refer to the following log files:

  • The Error Log. It contains information about errors that occur while the server is running (also server start and stop)
  • The General Query Log. This is a general record of what mysqld is doing (connect, disconnect, queries)

 

 

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BT0074, OOPS with JAVA

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ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER 3
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT0074, OOPS with JAVA
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1002
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 What are the keywords that java supports? Describe the data types available in java programming language.

Answer: In the Java programming language, a keyword is one of 50 reserved words that have a predefined meaning in the language; because of this, programmers cannot use keywords as names for variables, methods, classes, or as any other identifier. Due to their special functions in the language, most integrated development environments for Java use syntax highlighting to display keywords in a different color for easy identification.

 

 

2 Describe the syntax and working of if-else with an example. Also write a program in java that assigns a grade based on the value of a test score: an A for a score of 90% or above, a B for a score of 80% or above, and so on.

Answer: General if..else syntax is as follows:

 

 

 

3 Describe with the help of an example the implementation of inheritance in java.

Answer: Inheritance in Java is an Object oriented or OOPS concepts, which allows to emulate real world Inheritance behavior, Inheritance allows code reuse in Object oriented programming language e.g. Java. Along with Abstraction, Polymorphism and Encapsulation, Inheritance forms basis of Object oriented programming. Inheritance is implemented using extends keyword in Java and When one Class extends another Class it inherit all non private members including fields and methods. Inheritance in Java can be best understand in terms of Parent and Child class, also known as Super class and Sub class in Java programming language. The class which extends another class becomes Child of the class it extends and inherit all its functionality which is not private

 

 

4 Describe the catch and finally block statement in java with examples.

Answer:

  • A finally statement must be associated with a try statement. It identifies a block of statements that needs to be executed regardless of whether or not an exception occurs within the try block.
  • After all other try-catch processing is complete, the code inside the finally block executes. It is not mandatory to include a finally block at all, but if you do, it will run regardless of whether an exception was thrown and handled by the try and catch parts of the block.
  • In normal execution the finally

 

5 Draw and Explain the Life cycle of a java applet with an example.

Answer:

/*

Applet Life Cycle Example

This java example explains the life cycle of Java applet.

*/

 

import java.applet.Applet;

import java.awt.Graphics;

 

 

 

6 Define java beans and beanbox. Describe the advantages of java beanbox.

Answer: In computing based on the Java Platform, JavaBeans are classes that encapsulate many objects into a single object (the bean). They are serializable, have a zero-argument constructor, and allow access to properties using getter and setter methods. The name “Bean” was given to encompass this standard, which aims to create reusable software components for Java.

Advantages:

  • The properties, events, and methods of a

 

 

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BCA1030- BASIC MATHEMATICS

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ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM BCA
SEMESTER 1
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BCA 1030- BASIC MATHEMATICS
CREDIT 4
BK ID B0947
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Q.1 (i) Express 7920 in radians and (7π/12) c in degrees.

Answer: (i) The conversion is 180O= π radian

So 79200 = (7920*3.14)/180 = 138.247 radians

(7π/12) c

 

 

 

 

(ii) Prove that (tan θ + sec θ – 1)/ (tan θ + sec θ +1) = Cos θ / (1-sin θ) = (1+sin θ)/ Cos θ)

Solution:

(tan θ + sec θ – 1)/ (tan θ + sec θ +1) =(1+sin θ)/ Cos θ

If (tan θ + sec θ – 1)/ (tan θ + sec θ +1) = (1/cosθ) +(sinθ/cosθ)

If

 

 

 

Q.2 (i) y= xm/n, m,n being integers, n>0 find dy/dx

Solution: Let y= xm/n

Let dy be the increment in y corresponding to the increment dx in x.

 

 

 

 

(ii) Differentiate log (2x+3) from first principle.

Solution: First principles is also known as “delta method”, since many texts use Δx (for “change in x) and Δy (for “change in y”). This makes the algebra appear more difficult, so here we use h for Δx instead. We still call it “delta method”.

We can approximate this value by taking a point somewhere near to P(x, f(x)), say Q(x + h, f(x + h)).

Putting this together, we can write the slope of the tangent at P as:

 

 

 

 

 

Q.3 Evaluate ò2cosx+3sinx/4cosx+5sinx dx = I

Solution:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q.4 Solve dy/dx = (y+x-2)/(y-x-4).

Answer: dy/dx = (y+x-2)/(y-x-4) ——————————– (i)

Put y = vx

Diff w.r.t “x”

dy/dx = v.1+x.dx/dx

 

 

 

 

Q.5 (i) If a = cos q + i sin q, 0<q<2P prove that 1+a/1-a = i cot q/2

Solution: Given a = cos q + i sin q, 0<q<2P

a = sin(P/2-q)+cos(P/2-q)

 

 

 

 

(ii) If x+iy = Öa+ib/c+id prove that (x2 + y2) = a2+b2/c2+d2

Solution:

Given value is x+iy = Öa+ib/c+id                                                                                  i = iota

Squaring both sides we get                                                                                           i2 = -1 and i4 = 1

 

 

 

 

 

Q.6 Solve:  2x + 3y + 4z = 20, x + y + 2z = 9, 3x + 2y + z = 10.

Answer: These equations are written as

 

[2 3 4                                     [20

1 1 2                 =                 9

3 2 1]                                   10]

AX = B

Where A = [2 3 4 , 1 1 2 , 3 2 1 ]  X =[ X,Y,Z]  ,B= [20,9,30]

Therefore |A| = Determinant of |A| = 5

 

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BCA1020- PROGRAMMING IN C

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ASSIGNMENT

PROGRAM BCA
SEMESTER FIRST
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BCA1020- PROGRAMMING IN C

 

CREDIT 4
BK ID B1639
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

Q.1 Define operators. Briefly explain about any four Operators in C.

Answer: – Operators are the symbol which operates on value or a variable. For example: + is a operator to perform addition programming language has wide range of operators to perform various operations. For better understanding of operators, these

 

 

 

  1. Differentiate between formal parameters and actual parameters with example

 

Answer:- Actual Parameters : Subprograms pass information using parameters. The variables or expressions referenced in the parameter list of a subprogram call are actual parameters. For example, the following procedure call lists two actual parameters named emp_num and amount. Actual parameters are parameters as they appear in function calls.

Eg. raise_salary(emp_num, amount);

 

 

 

 

  1. 3. Describe about static and external variables.

 

Answer:- Lifetime of a static variables is throughout a program but its accessibility within the function in which it is declared. External variables are global variables. it can be accessed in any function within a program or out side of the program.

external variables:- In the C programming language, an external variable is a variable defined outside any function block. On the other hand, a local (

 

 

 

  1. Distinguish between pass by value and pass by reference with the help of an example.

 

Answer:- A value-type variable contains its data directly as opposed to a reference-type variable, which contains a reference to its data. Therefore, passing a value-type variable to a method means passing a copy of the variable to the method. Any changes to the parameter that take place inside the method have no affect on the original data stored in the variable. If you want the called method to change the value of the parameter, you have to pass it by reference, using the ref or out keyword.

A variable of a reference type does not

 

 

  1. 5 Define macro. How we can declare a macro statement? Explain with an example.

 

Answer:- A Macro is typically an abbreviated name given to a piece of code or a value. Macros can also be defined without any value or piece of code but in that case they are used only for testing purpose.

Defining Macros without values

The most basic use of macros is to define them without values and use them as testing conditions. As an example, lets look at the following piece of code :

 

 

 

  1. 6 What is the use of fopen () and fclose () function? List and explain different modes for opening a file.

Answer:- Opening And Closing A Disk File

  • Before we dive into the details, take note that the program examples presented here just for basic file I/O that applies to DOS and Linux.
  • For Windows, you have to study the Win32 programming that provides specifics file I/O and other related functions. Here we do not discuss in details regarding the permission,  right and authorization such as using Discretionary Access Control List (DACL) and
  • Security Access Control List (SACL)

 

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BBA603 & ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL WINTER 2014
PROGRAM Bachelors of Business Administration- BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA603 & ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
SEMESTER 6
BK ID B1905
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Give introduction to international finance. Explain the benefits, scope of international finance. List the advantages and disadvantages of globalization.

 

Answer : International finance is the branch of financial economics broadly concerned with monetary and macroeconomic interrelations between two or more countries. International finance examines the dynamics of the global financial system, international monetary systems, balance of payments, exchange rates, foreign direct investment, and how these topics relate to international trade.

Sometimes referred to as multinational finance, international finance is additionally concerned with matters of international financial

 

 

 

2 Write short note on:

  • Balance of Payment
  • Current account
  • Capital account
  • Foreign exchange reserves
  • Accounting equilibrium

 

Answer : Balance of Payment :  Balance of Payments is the record of a country’s transactions with the rest of the world. Terms like trade surplus and deficit are used to describe if the country has more or exports than imports or imports than exports. More specifically, a country has trade surplus if value of exports

 

 

 

 

  • Current account : The current account consists of the balance of trade, net factor income and net cash transfers. The current account balance is one of two major measures of a country’s foreign trade

 

  • Capital account : A national account that shows the net change in asset ownership for a nation. The capital account is the net result of public and private international investments flowing in and out of a country. A capital account deficit shows that more money is flowing out of

 

 

 

 

  • Foreign exchange reserves : Deposits of a foreign currency held by a central bank. Holding the currencies of other countries as assets allow governments to keep their currencies stable and reduce the effect of

 

 

  • Accounting equilibrium : the state of balance in the economy where supply equals demand or a country’s balance of payments is neither in deficit nor in excess. The state in which

 

 

 

Q.3 Explain cash-in-advance and write the process of issuing letter of credit and different types of letter of credit.

 

Answer :  Cash in Advance

 

The cash-in-advance constraint (sometimes known as the Clower constraint after American economist Robert Clower)[1] is an idea used in economic theory to capture monetary phenomena. In the most basic economic models (such as the Walras model or the Arrow–Debreu model) there is no role for money, as these models are not sufficiently detailed to consider how people pay for goods, other than to say

 

 

 

  1. 4 Write down the differences between GATT and WTO. Explain the problems and achievements of GATT & WTO.

 

Answer: Difference between WTO and GATT:-

 

The World Trade Organization is not a simple extension of GATT; on the contrary, it completely replaces its predecessor and has a very different character. Among the principal differences are the following:

 

The GATT was a set of rules, a multilateral agreement, with no institutional foundation, only a small associated secretariat which had its origins in the attempt to establish an International Trade Organization in the 1940s. The WTO is

 

 

5 Explain the main functions of banks. Write down the lending activities and lending policies of bank.

Answer: Functions of banks

 

 

  1. Primary Functions of Banks ↓

The primary functions of a bank are also known as banking functions. They are the main functions of a bank. These primary functions of banks are explained below.

 

  1. Accepting Deposits

 

 

 

Q.6 Write the objectives of global financial regulation. Explain the key features of Basel III and its impact.

Answer:  Aims of regulation

 

The objectives of financial regulators are usually:

  • Market confidence – to maintain confidence in the financial system
  • Financial stability – contributing to the protection and enhancement of stability of the financial system
  • Consumer protection – securing the appropriate degree of protection for consumers.
  • Reduction of financial crime – reducing the extent to which it is possible for a regulated business to be used for a purpose con

 

 

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BBA602- Management Development and Skiils

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL WINTER 2014
PROGRAM Bachelors of Business Administration- BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA 602- Management Development and Skiils
SEMESTER 6
BK ID B1892
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Define Management. Explain the importance of Management. Discuss any three advantages of Management.

Answer : Management

Management in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal. Resourcing encompasses the deployment

 

2 Discuss the John Fisher’s Model of Personal Change

Answer : John Fisher’s model of personal change – The Transition Curve – is an excellent analysis of how individuals deal with personal change. This model is an extremely useful reference for individuals dealing with personal change and for managers and organizations helping staff to deal with personal change.

 

1.anxiety

The awareness that events lie outside one’s range of understanding or control. I believe the problem here is that individuals are unable to adequately picture the future. They do not have enough information to allow them to anticipate behaving in a different way within the new organization. They are unsure how to adequately construe acting in the new work and social situations.

 

 

 

3 Explain the concept of Decision-Making. Discuss the challenges in the process of Decision making.

Answer : Decision Making

 Decision-making is an essential aspect of modern management. It is a primary function of management. A manager’s major job is sound/rational decision-making. He takes hundreds of decisions consciously and subconsciously. Decision-making is the key part of manager’s activities. Decisions are important as they determine both

 

4 Suppose you have joined as a Manager in an organization and you are asked to negotiate on a particular issue. What according to you are the principles of Negotiation? Explain the steps in the process of negotiation.

Answer :  Principles of Negotiation

Negotiation is a method by which people settle differences. It is a process by which compromise or agreement is reached while avoiding argument.

 

In any disagreement, individuals understandably aim to achieve the best possible outcome for their position (or perhaps an organisation they represent). However, the principles of fairness, seeking mutual benefit and maintaining a relationship are the keys to a successful outcome.

 

 

 

5 Discuss the qualities required to become an effective leader.

Answer :  Qualities of an effective leader

1.A good leader has an exemplary character. It is of utmost importance that a leader is trustworthy to lead others. A leader needs to be trusted and be known to live their life with honestly and integrity. A good leader “walks the talk” and in doing so earns the right to have responsibility for others. True authority is born from respect for the good character and trustworthiness of the person who leads.

  1. A good leader is enthusiastic about their work or cause and also about their role as leader. People will respond more openly to a person of passion and dedication. Leaders need to be able to be a source of inspiration, and be a motivator towards the required action or cause. Although the responsibilities and roles of a leader may be

 

6 Write a short note on the following:

 

  1. Grid Analysis

Answer : Grid Analysis

Grid Analysis (also known as Decision Matrix Analysis, Pugh Matrix Analysis or MAUT, which stands for Multi-Attribute Utility Theory) is a useful technique to use for making a decision. It is particularly powerful where you have a number of good alternatives to choose from, and many different factors to take into account. This makes it a great technique to use in almost any important decision where there isn’t a clear and obvious preferred option. Being able to use Grid Analysis means that you can take decisions confidently and rationally, at a time when other people might be struggling to make a decision.

 

 

 

  1. Catwoe Analysis

Answer:

When to use it

Use it when identifying the problem, to prompt thinking about what you are really trying to achieve.

Use it when seeking to implement the solution, to help consider the impact on the people involved.

 

 

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BBA601 – TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT

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WINTER 2014 Assignment

 

DRIVE BBA(REVISED FALL 2014)
SEMESTER VI
PROGRAM BACHELOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (BBA)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA601 – TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1894
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Explain the positive and negative impact of Technology on Business and society.

Answer: On the one hand we all depend on technology for our daily job and needs. We wake up in the morning by the alarm on our mobiles, communicate through those devices and work on computers or even chat and have fun with them. Youngsters can’t even imagine life without all these valuable technological advances.  And indeed technology has benefited our lives greatly.

 

Positive Effects of Technology

 

First of all, people could travel anywhere by the oh-so-fast-developing airplane industry. Luckily, plane tickets and fares become lower, though not as low as people wish, due to the various companies competing with each other. Roads are of

 

 

 

2 What is technology acquisition? Explain the two methods of technology acquisition.

Answer: The technology life-cycle (TLC) describes the commercial gain of a product through the expense of research and development phase, and the financial return during its “vital life”. Some technologies, such as steel, paper or cement manufacturing, have a long lifespan (with minor variations in technology incorporated with time) whilst in other cases, such as electronic or pharmaceutical products, the lifespan may be quite short.

 

The TLC associated with a product or technological service is different from product life-cycle (PLC) dealt with in product life-cycle management. The latter is concerned with the life of a product in the marketplace with respect to timing of introd

 

 

3 List and describe the different characteristics of the various stages in life cycle of technology.

Answer: One: A successful product must be balanced: marketing, technology, and user experience all play critical roles, but one cannot dominate the others.

 

Two: There is a big difference between infrastructure products, which I call non-substitutable goods, and traditional products, substitutable goods. With traditional goods, a company can survive with a stable, but non-dominant market share.

 

  1. a. List the different qualitative technology transfer models

Answer: This model to the valorization of research results is based on the linear innovation paradigm: research generates discoveries; based on these new insights, applications are subsequently conceived and protected by intellectual property

 

 

  1. Explain the Schile, Radnor, and Wad model in details

Answer: Schile model: Water Resources Management (WRM) in Chile is widely known for its 1981 Water Code—written after General Augusto Pinochet took control through a military coup d’état. Free-market mechanisms became the economic philosophy in WRM, including the development of water markets and tradable water

 

 

  1. Draw process model for problem solver model

Answer:

  1. Read the entire problem.
  2. Decide who is involved in the problem.
  3. Decide what is involved in the problem.
  4. Draw unit bars of equal length.
  5. Read each sentence, one at a time.

 

 

  1. a. List the guidelines on the scope of EIA

Answer: Environmental impact assessment is the formal process used to predict the environmental consequences (positive or negative) of a plan, policy, program, or project prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action. Formal impact assessments may be governed by rules of administrative procedure regarding public participation and documentation of decision-making, and may be subject to judicial review. An impact assessment may propose measures to adjust impacts to acceptable levels or to investigate new technological solutions.

 

 

 

 

  1. What are the various issues in the preparation of EIA Report?

Answer:

Screening: First stage of EIA, which determines whether the proposed project, requires an EIA and if it does, then the level of assessment required.

 Scoping: This stage identifies the key issues and impacts that should be further investigated. This stage also defines the boundary and

 

 

 

  1. Identify and explain the tools that have been developed on the basis of specific functions involved in an organization.

Answer: Functions involved in an organization

 

PLANNING

Planning is the function of management that involves setting objectives and determining a course of action for achieving these objectives. Planning requires that managers be aware of environmental conditions facing their organization and forecast future conditions. It also requires that managers be good decision-makers.

 

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Case Study Project – Elective – Production Management

 

 

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Case Study Project                 

 

Total Marks: 100

 

Elective –  Production Management

 

The GM (Works) has problems with manufacturing budgets, meeting cost reduction targets, and dealing with new products manufacturing schedules. When an in depth interview (non-directive type) was conducted between the GM (Works) and the Chairman of the Company, the GM (Works) explained that many things are happening in the Company about which he is ignorant, particularly the preparation, new product integration, etc. He agrees to the view that the Company is interested in high-growth and high-profit, but he has never been given an opportunity to review his own scheme of things and explain to the top management. The production culture of the company has never been assessed whereas the stringent rules are being directed by the finance and personnel departments. And sometimes, show cause notices are being served to supervisors and senior employees. The Company is introducing new products without assessing the capability of the manufacturing system and the resources.

 

 

(a)      Under the above situation, if you are asked to work as a consultant to show the perspectives to the Board of Management, what action plans would you suggest?

 

Answer:The Board of Management manages on behalf of the patron and is accountable to the patron and the Minister. The Board must uphold the characteristic spirit (ethos) and is accountable to the patron for so doing. The Board of Management defines the long-term goals and the strategies for the Group, its subgroups and its service companies, and sets forth the principles and directives for the resulting corporate policies. It coordinates and monitors the most important activities, defines the portfolio, develops and deploys managerial staff, allocates resources and decides on the Group’s financial steering and reporting.

 

The members of the Board of Management

 

 

 

 

(b)      Does Business Process Re-engineering (BPR) help in situations like these?

 

Answer:BRP advocates in “reinventing the wheel,” i.e., this approach encourages an organization to start from scratch and work towards reinvention, thus leading to manifold improvements in performance and revenue. BPR focuses on processes where it works to redesign the strategic and value-added processes which transcend the organizational boundaries.The term ‘reengineering’ was first introduced in 1990 in a Harvard Business Review article:

 

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MS-03 Economic and Social Environment

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ASSIGNMENT

 

Course Code MS-03
Course Title Economic and Social Environment
Assignment Code MS-03/TMA/SEM-I/2015
CREDIT 4
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

1 Explain environment of business in detail and examine the interaction between economic environment and business management giving suitable examples.

Answer: A business organization cannot exist a vacuum. It needs living persons, natural resources and places and things to exist. The sum of all these factors and forces is called the business environment.

Business environment is of two types-

  • Micro environment or the internal environment
  • Macro environment or the external environment

(i)Micro environment / Internal Environment of Business

Micro environment comprises of the factors in the immediate environment of the company that affect the performance of the company. In includes the suppliers, competitors, Marketing intermediaries, customers, pressure groups and the general public.

 

 

  1. Evaluate the working and performance of public sector in India.

 

Answer: Banks in India have been under the clutches of a few individuals and trusts before their nationalization. In 1969 after the post-nationalization and subsequently in 1980’s after the second phase of nationalization banks have expanded phenomenally and have ventured into new areas.  After the advent of liberalization in the 90’s and the entry of

 

 

  1. a) Describe the salient features of the protective policy adopted by the government for Small Scale Industry (SSI).

 

Answer: Some of the Government Policies for development and promotion of Small-Scale Industries in India are: 1. Industrial Policy Resolution (IPR) 1948, 2. Industrial Policy Resolution (IPR) 1956, 3. Industrial Policy Resolution (IPR) 1977, 4. Industrial Policy Resolution (IPR) 1980 and 5. Industrial Policy Resolution (IPR) 1990.

Since Independence, India has several Industrial Policies to her credit. So much so that Lawrence A. Veit tempted to say that “if India has as much industry as it has industrial policy, it would be a far well-to-do nation.” With this background in view, in what

 

 

 

  1. b) State the objective and achievements of administered price mechanism.

 

The price of a good or service as dictated by a governmental or other governing agency. Administered prices are not determined by regular market forces of supply and demand.

Examples of administered prices included price controls and rent controls. Administered prices are often imposed to maintain the affordability of certain goods and to prevent price gouging during periods of shortages (such as gas prices). Rent controls are intended to stabilize rent in certain cities, where rents are reviewed by a standard of reasonableness.

 

Objectives: To analyse level of awareness in public on the

 

 

  1. a) Analyse the need for foreign capital for a developing country. Give illustrations.

 

Answer: Foreign direct investment (FDI) has proved to be resilient during financial crises. For instance, in East Asian countries, such investment was remarkably stable during the global financial crises of 1997-98. In sharp contrast, other forms of private capital flows—portfolio equity and debt flows, and particularly short-term flows—were subject to large reversals during the same period (see Dadush, Dasgupta, and Ratha, 2000; and Lipsey, 2001). The

 

 

  1. b) Define Balance of Payments (BoP). Briefly discuss the significance and composition of BoP.

A statement that summarizes an economy’s transactions with the rest of the world for a specified time period. The balance of payments, also known as balance of international payments, encompasses all transactions between a country’s residents and its nonresidents involving goods, services and income; financial claims on and liabilities to the rest of the world; and transfers such as gifts. The balance of payments classifies these transactions in two accounts – the current account and the capital account. The current account includes transactions in goods, services, investment income and current transfers, while the capital account mainly includes

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Briefly review the impact of economic reforms in India in terms of achievements and failures.

 

Answer: The economy of India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Since its independence in the year 1947, a number of economic policies have been taken which have led to the gradual economic development of the country. On a broader scale, Indian economic reforms have been a blend of both social democratic and liberalization policies.

Due to the fall of the Soviet Union and the problems in balance of payment accounts, the country faced economic crisis and the IMF asked for the bailout loan. To get out of the situation, the Finance Minister, Manmohan Singh initiated the economic liberation reform in the year 1991. This is considered to be one of the milestones in India economic reform as it changed the market and financial scenario of the country. Under the liberalization program,

 

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MIT4032– Cloud Computing

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ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM Master of Science in Information Technology(MSc IT)Revised Fall 2011
SEMESTER 4
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MIT4032– Cloud Computing
CREDIT 4
BK ID B1637
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 List and explain the services of cloud computing.

Answer: Cloud computing, often referred to as simply “the cloud,” is the delivery of on-demand computing resources—everything from applications to data centres—over the Internet on a pay-for-use basis. Cloud computing is a recently evolved computing terminology or metaphor based on utility and consumption of computing resources. Cloud computing involves deploying groups of remote servers and software networks that allow centralized data storage and online access to computer services or resources. Clouds can be classified as public, private or hybrid.

 

Software as a service (SaaS):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 List the areas of the organization which has the effect of cloud computing and explain any two.

 

Answer: Cloud computing is more than an advance in technology. It represents transformation for your entire organization — people, processes, and systems.

Finance — Identifying cloud services and analyzing accounting models will help your organization determine how to proceed most efficiently and effectively with activities such as research and development and revenue recognition.

Internal audit — In order to accommodate the move to cloud computing, cloud service providers will need to modify, upgrade, or replace systems to process, measure, and control use. This will also be critical for billing. Providers should have the right SLAs in place, and a process to monitor those SLAs. Buyers of cloud services must give themselves the same control and monitoring environment in the cloud that they did on internal networks and servers. This is much more challenging, as your organization no longer controls hardware. Methods of application management may change significantly.

 

 

 

3 Explain the different Software clients.

 

Answer: There is different software clients discussed below:

Shareware: This software is downloadable from the Internet. Licenses differ, but commonly the user is allowed to try the program for free, for a period stipulated in the license, usually thirty days. At the end of the trial period, it must be purchased or uninstalled. Some shareware incorporates an internal clock that disables the program after the trial period unless a serial number is supplied. Other shareware designs continue to work with “nag” screens, encouraging the user to purchase the program.

 

 

 

4 Explain the different types of data controls in cloud.

 

Answer: Controls on data in the cloud computing environment include the governance policies set in place to make sure that your data can be trusted. The integrity, reliability, and confidentiality of your data must be beyond reproach. And this holds for cloud providers too.

For example, assume that you’re using a cloud service for word processing. The documents you create are stored with the cloud provider. These documents belong to your company and you expect to control access to those documents. No one should be able to get them without your permission, but perhaps a software bug lets other users access the documents. This privacy violation resulted from a malfunctioning access control. This is an example of

 

 

 

5 Explain (a) Open Cloud Consortium (OCC) (b) Open Grid Forum (OGF).

 

Answer:

(a) Open Cloud Consortium (OCC) :The Open Cloud Consortium (aka OCC) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit venture which provides cloud computing resources to support “scientific, environmental, medical and health care research.” OCC manages and operates resources including the Open Science Data Cloud (aka OSDC), which is a multi-petabyte scientific data

 

 

 

(b) Open Grid Forum (OGF): The Open Grid Forum (OGF) is a community of users, developers, and vendors for standardization of grid computing. It was formed in 2006 in a merger of the Global Grid Forum and the Enterprise Grid Alliance. The OGF models its process on the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), and produces documents with many acronyms such as OGSA, OGSI, and JSDL.

The OGF has two principal functions plus an administrative function: being the standards organization for grid computing, and building communities within the overall grid community (including extending it within

 

 

 

6 What are the most popular cloud applications?

 

Answer: Cloud computing, often referred to as simply “the cloud,” is the delivery of on-demand computing resources—everything from applications to data centres—over the Internet on a pay-for-use basis.

Adobe Connect – Video conferencing software:Adobe Connect, one of the Acrobat.com services, is a great way to share ideas, discuss details, and complete work with others – all online. There’s no installation required, so getting started is easy

 

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