Author Archive: SMU MBA SOLVED ASSIGNMENTS

SUBJECT:- Operation Management

 

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INDIAN SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

MANAGEMENT & ADMINISTRATION

 

AN ISO 9001 : 2008 CERTIFIED INSTITUTION

 

 

SUBJECT:- Operation Management

 

MARKS :80

 

 

Course : BMS (Bachelors In Management Studies)                          

 

Answer the question in one line.

 

 

 

Q1. Ahmet Uslu makes wooden boxes in which to ship motorcycles. Ahmet and his three employees invest 40 hours per day making the 120 boxes. a. What is their productivity? b. Ahmet and his employees have discussed redesigning the process to improve efficiency. If they can increase the rate to 125 per day, what would be their new productivity? c. What would be their increase in productivity? (10 marks)

 

Answer :

 

Q2. Magusa Metal Works produces cast bronze valves on an assembly line. On a recent day, 160 valves were produced during an 8-hour shift. Calculate the

productivity of the line. (10 marks)

Answer :

 

Q3. Kleen Karpet cleaned 65 rugs in April, consuming the following resources: Labour: 520 hours at 13 MU/hour Solvent: 110 litres at 5 MU/litre Machine Rental: 20 days at 50 MU/day a. What is the labour productivity? b. What is the multifactor productivity? (10 marks)

Answer :

 

 

Q4. Ilhan Dalci is president of Ilhandir Manufacturing, a producer of Go-Kart Tires. Dalci makes 1000 tires per tires per day with the following resources:

Labour: 400 hours at 12.50 MU/hr Raw Material: 20 000 kgs/day at 1MU/kg Energy: 5 000 MU/day Capital: 10 000 MU/day a. What is the labour productivity for these tires at Ilhandir Manufacturing? b. What is the multifactor productivity for these tires at Ilhandir Manufacturing? c. What is the percent change in multifactor productivity if Ilhandir can reduce energy bill by 1000 MU without cutting production or changing any other inputs? (10 marks)

Answer :

 

Q5. Describe briefly the steps to develop a forecasting system. (10 marks)

Answer :

 

Q6. Describe briefly the “Delphi Method”. (10 marks)

Answer :

 

Q7. What is production/operations? (10 marks)

Answer :

 

Q8. What factors distinguish between production and service operations?

Answer :

 

 

 

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OM0013 – ADVANCED PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

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DRIVE

WINTER 2014

PROGRAM

MBADS (SEM 3/SEM 5)

MBAFLEX/ MBA (SEM 3)

PGDOMN (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME

OM 0013 – ADVANCED PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

BK ID – B1935

CREDITS & MARKS – 4 CREDITS & 60 MARKS

 

Q1. Write short notes on: 10 (2.5 marks each)

  • World class manufacturing concept
  • Job analysis method of improving productivity
  • Siddal’s classification of design approaches
  • Expert opinion poll

Answer: World Class Manufacturing Concept: Have you wondered why all organisations aim for customer satisfaction? Each and every organisation aims to achieve maximum profits. In case of manufacturing organisations, this becomes even more important because they manufacture their products on their own. All manufacturing organisations strive to satisfy their customers in terms of quality,

 

 

Q2. Differentiate between infinite and finite loading. Explain sequencing. Mention the rules of sequencing. (Write the differences between finite and infinite loading, Define sequencing, List the rules of sequencing) 3, 2, 5

Answer: Finite loading: It refers to the type of loading in which jobs are allocated among different work centres, based on the capacity of each work centre and on the basis of the time required to perform the jobs individually. Finite loading begins with preparing a list of jobs to be processed at the work centres and with the specified capacities of each work centre. In this way, it involves developing a comprehensive

 

 

Q3. Write short notes on: 10 (2.5 marks each)

 

  • Alfred Weber’s theory on industrial location
  • Relationship between design capacity , system capacity and actual output
  • Aggregate planning process
  • Approaches to updating MRP

Answer: Alfred Weber’s theory of industrial location: Alfred Weber, a German economist, attempted to analyse the factors that influence industrial location. Before Weber, another German economist Launhardt gave the simple principle of industrial location based on minimum transport cost. Weber followed Launhardt’s principle in his theory and made it more rigorous and analytical. Ever since then, his

 

 

Q4. What is purchasing? Briefly explain the purchasing procedure. (Define purchasing, Write the activities it encompasses, Briefly describe the purchasing procedure) 1, 1, 8

Answer: purchasing: In simple terms, purchasing refers to an act of procuring a product at a specific price. However, this narrow definition of purchasing has widened in the last 70 years. In a broader sense, purchasing is a managerial activity that aims at getting the different departments of an organisation the right materials at the right time in the right quantity from the right source as and when required.

 

purchasing encompasses:

 

 

Q5. Inventory Management at ABC organization

 

ABC is an organization that procures a product PQ from another organisation. ABC requires 11,000 units of PQ every year. The cost of the product is Rs.5 per unit and its ordering cost is estimated to be Rs.100 per order. The cost of carrying inventory is 25%. The consumption rate of PQ in the organization is uniform. Therefore, ABC needs to spend a huge amount on the procurement of product PQ. The CEO of ABC called the production manager of the organization to discuss whether the manufacturing of the product PQ would be more economical for the organisation.

The production manager conducts a research and identifies equipment that can be used for producing PQ. This equipment can yield 100 units of PQ per day. The cost of producing a single unit of PQ by using the equipment is Rs.3.50 per unit. In addition, the setup cost of equipment and inventory carrying costs are Rs.50 per setup and 25%, respectively. From the preceding data, it is found that the production of product PQ would be more beneficial for ABC. Therefore, ABC has purchased the equipment and has started in – house production of PQ. This has reduced the cost of procuring PQ almost five times.

 

Question : Calculate the EOQ, Analyse if EOQ has helped ABC in managing inventory. (Calculation of EOQ , Briefly describe situation that led to the use of the EOQ model, Assess the pre EOQ situation to post EOQ situation, Summarise if EOQ has helped ABC) 3, 2, 3, 2

 

Answer: Answer:

 

Calculation of EOQ

Economic order quantity (EOQ) is the order quantity of inventory that minimizes the total cost of inventory management.

 

 

Q6. Write short notes: 10(2.5 marks each)

 

  • Plan-Do-Check-Action(PDCA) cycle
  • Quality circles
  • Objectives of JIT
  • Maintenance management system

 

Answer: Plan–Do–Check–Action (PDCA) cycle: The PDCA cycle refers to the activities that a company needs to perform in order to inculcate continuous improvement in its operations. The PDCA cycle includes the following:

 

  • Plan: The managers must evaluate the current process and make plans based on the problems they find in the processes. It is essential to document all current procedures, collect data, and identify problems.

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OM0012 SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

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DRIVE: WINTER 2014

PROGRAM: MBADS (SEM 3/SEM 5) MBAFLEX/ MBA (SEM 3) PGDOMN (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME: OM0012 SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

BK ID: B1542

CREDITS AND MARKS: 4 CREDITS AND 60 MARKS

 

Q.1: How is supply chain performance improved by expanding the scope of strategic fit? (10 marks)

  1. Explanation of the five scopes of strategic fit across a supply chain with suitable examples (2 marks each)

ANS:

Intracompany – intraoperation scope: The minimize local cost view

The intracompany – intraoperation scope is a scope of strategic fit which is limited to one operation in a functional area within a company. An independent strategy is created by each operation within each stage of

 

Q.2: Write short notes on 10 (2.5 marks each)

  • Network optimization model
  • Interactive approach of routing and scheduling in transportation
  • Strategic purchasing
  • Push-pull supply chain

ANS:

Network optimization model:

Network optimization solves for the optimal supply chain network design with the lowest total cost structure given a set of constraints.  Network optimization is typically defined into three segments: Sourcing,

 

Q.3: What is risk pooling? Why is it important in supply chain management? List the four types of risk pooling. (10 marks)

  1. Definition of risk pooling (1 marks)

Importance of risk pooling (1 marks)

Explanation of the 4 types of risk pooling with suitable examples (8 marks)

ANS:

Definition of risk pooling:

Risk pool is a term used in risk management, mostly in insurance companies. Under this system, insurance companies come together to form a pool, which can provide protection to insurance companies against

 

Q.4: Describe the framework of Supply Chain Quality Management (SCQM) (10 marks)

Description of the framework of Supply Chain Quality Management (SCQM)

ANS:

 

Framework of Supply Chain Quality Management (SCQM):

The framework allows researchers to determine the impact of SCQM on the competitive edge and performance of the organization. The price, quality, delivery reliability, product improvement and time to market help in identifying the competitive advantage. And the factors like marketing, operational and

 

Q.5: What are results of bullwhip effect in supply chain management? Which are the ways of reducing the bullwhip effect in supply chain? (10 marks)

  1. What are results of bullwhip effect in supply chain management? Which are the ways of reducing the bullwhip effect in supply chain? (2 marks)
  2. Description of the methods used to reduce the bullwhip effect in supply chain (8 marks)

ANS:

 

  1. Significant results of bullwhip effect in supply chain management are:
  • Tremendous inefficiencies in the supply chain

 

Q.6: Write short notes on [10 (each 2 marks)]

  • Distributor integration
  • E-Informing
  • Hedge risk mitigation strategy for controllable risks
  • Framework for IT integrated SCM

ANS:

 

  • Distributor integration:

Distributors provide vital market information and hence they are considered as the important link in any firm’s supply channel. Distributors usually have information about customer requirements and experience

 

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OM0011- ENTERPRISES RESOURCE PLANNING

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DRIVE

Winter DRIVE 2014

PROGRAM

MBADS (SEM 3/SEM 5)

MBAFLEX/ MBA (SEM 3)

PGDOMN (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME

OM0011- ENTERPRISES RESOURCE PLANNING

Qus:1 Explain the relationship between business functions and business processes in the insurance sector

  • Explaining the terminologies business function and business processes                        
  • Explaining the relationship with insurance example      
  • Drawing the relationship with a diagram

Ans:

Business function and business processes

Business function

 

business function refers to an activity that an enterprise performs to realise its pre-determined goals and objectives. You can also define a business function as a series of rationally interrelated activities or tasks performed by an

 

 

Qus:2  Explain ERP selection process

Ans:    

 

ERP selection process

 

Every organisation has different requirements, the process of selecting an ERP system varies across different organisations. However, there are some common steps that are adopted by all organisations while selecting an ERP system. These steps are:

Assessing business requirements: Before selecting an ERP system, an organisation first needs to define its requirements

 

Qus:3 Earlier payroll systems used the systems which were more than process time sheets, print payroll checks and keep total so f annual wages and deductions. Present day systems used computer-based system that optimises the collection, collation, transfer and presentation of information throughout an organisation. Explain the various Roles of MIS. Explain decision support system and its advantages and disadvantages

 

  • 4 roles of MIS                        
  • Defining decision Support system     
  • Advantages and disadvantages of DSS

 

Ans.

Various Roles of MIS

 

The main aim of MIS is to help managers in making complex business decisions easily and efficiently. Besides, MIS helps an organisation in the following ways:

 

Deal with business complexities: The business environment is changing constantly with continuous advancement in

 

Ques4. Evaluate the role of vendor evaluation sub-module of the materials management module

 

  • Explaining vendor evaluation     

 

  • Explaining the role of vendor evaluation sub module

 

Ans.

 

Vendor evaluation

 

Vendor evaluation is a process in which an organisation appraises the potential suppliers of materials by performing measurable assessments. It is one of the most important steps of the purchasing process. This is because,the quality of final output depends on the quality of materials provided by vendors. Therefore, it is essential for an organisation to evaluate its suppliers carefully while taking purchasing decisions.The vendor evaluation module helps an organisation

 

Que5. Write short notes on

  1. Sub-modules of CRM
  2. Features of human resource management module

 

Ans.

 

3 sub-modules of CRM

 

These sub-modules are shown in Figure:

 

Ques6.

  1. Explain some of the technologies provided by PeopleSoft Inc.
  2. Explain the different modules under MFG/PRO application

 

Ans.

 

Technologies provided by PeopleSoft Inc

 

PeopleSoft Inc. uses new and advanced technologies in its products. Some of these technologies are:

PeopleSoft Self-Service Applications: These Java-based, cross-platform applications help employees, customers, suppliers, and other occasional

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OM0010 & OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

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DRIVE

WINTER 2014

PROGRAM

MBADS (SEM 3/SEM 5)

MBAFLEX/ MBA (SEM 3)

PGDOMN (SEM 1)

SEMESTER – III

SUBJECT CODE & NAME

OM0010 & OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

BK ID – B1934

CREDITS AND MARKS – 4 CREDITS AND 60 MARKS

 

Q1. Explain any FIVE techniques of operations research. (Describe any FIVE techniques of operations research, with examples, Interpret which is the most effective technique) 7.5, 2.5

Answer: Operations Research Techniques: In the previous sections, you have studied that operations research is used for the optimum utilisation of resources for maximising the profit of an organisation. For this, several tools and techniques have been developed in the field of operations research. These tools and

 

Q2. Write short notes on: 10(2.5 marks each)

  • Elements of operations management
  • Types of operations strategy
  • Consumer Pricing Expectations Range (CPER)
  • SERVQUAL

Answer: Elements of operations management: You can manage your business operations effectively, only when you are aware of its elements. These are the key elements on which the success or failure of operations management depends. These key elements are as follows:

 

 

 

Q3. Discuss the importance of service processes. What are steps in engineering service processes? (Examine how service processes aid an organization in to meeting customer expectations, Summarize the importance of service processes, List the FOUR steps engineering service processes, Describe each step in brief) 4, 1, 1, 4

Answer: Meaning and Importance of Service Processes: Services include people, technology and processes required to achieve customer satisfaction. Service processes include all those activities that are designed to provide services as per customer satisfaction. Managing service processes is a complex and difficult task. This is due to the fact that service-oriented business deals with intangibles and being

 

 

Q4. Write short notes on:  10(2.5 marks each)

  • Least Cost Method (LCM)
  • Objectives of inventory management
  • Limitations of replacement models
  • Factors influencing decision making

 

Answer: Least Cost Method (LCM): This is one of the most efficient methods as it determines the optimal solution quickly and requires less calculation. This is used to calculate the basic feasible solution of a transportation problem by considering the lowest cost in the matrix. The steps that are required to be adopted while finding a solution using LCM are as

 

Q5. What is meant by multiple goal programming? Give the steps for solving a goal programming problem using the graphical method of goal programming. (Describe of multiple goal programming, Discuss the two types goal programming with multiple goals, List the steps of solving a goal programming problem using the method of goal programming.) 2, 3, 5

 

Answer: Goal Programming with Multiple Goals: it is inferred that when it comes to the concept of multiple goal programming, the organisation simultaneously wants to pursue multiple goals. The goal set by a decision-maker may be one sided or two sided. In case of lower limit onesided goal, a lower limit is set, which the decision maker tries not to fall under. Similarly, in case of upper limit one-sided goal, the decision makersets an upper limit, which he/she does not intend to exceed. two-sided goal, the decision

 

 

Q6. Write short notes on: 10(2.5 marks each)

 

  • Convex nature of the objective function
  • Applications of queuing model
  • Various performance measures of sequencing
  • Applications of Markov analysis

 

Answer: Convex nature of the objective function: A convex optimisation problem refers to a mathematical programming problem where all the constraints that define the problem are convex functions. This implies that all the constraints are of ≤ type and the objective function is required to be

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IB0013 –Export Import management

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DRIVE: WINTER 2014

PROGRAM: MBADS (SEM 3/SEM 5) MBAFLEX/ MBA (SEM 3) PGDIB(SEM 1))

SUBJECT CODE & NAME: IB0013 –Export Import management

BK ID: B 1907

CREDIT & MARKS: 4 CREDITS, 60 MARKS

Q.1: What do you mean by export? How many types of exports are there? Discuss.

Meaning (5 marks)

Types (5 marks)

Ans:

Meaning:

Traditionally, export is the process by which goods, services or knowledge are traded across national and international boundaries. Exporting is merely trading with the only difference that the customer lives in another country. There are visible and invisible exports. The

 

 

Q.2: What are the major terms and conditions of an export order?

Export order (10 marks)

Ans:

Export order:

The terms and conditions of an export order would vary from order to order depending on the nature of product, parties involved and so on. The following are the standard clauses of an

 

 

Q.3: Discuss the role played by Export Promotion Councils and Commodity boards in supporting Indian exporters. Give examples.

Role of EPC and commodity boards (7 marks)

Examples (3 marks)

Ans:

In India there are seven Boards that have mandate for export promotion and two have mandate for domestic support. These Boards are for the following commodities: Handicrafts, Silk, Coffee, Choir, Rubber, Tea, Tobacco and Spices. These Boards handle the whole range

 

Q.4: Write short notes on:

(a) Transport risk (5 marks)

(b) Credit risk (5 marks)

Meaning and effect of transport risk

Meaning and effect of credit risk

Ans:

Meaning and effect of transport risk:

This risk occurs where the goods are stolen, pilfered or damaged while in transit. Commercial marine insurance policies will insure the goods against transport risks. These

 

 

Q.5: What is the significance of bill of lading for exporter and importer? Explain any 2 types.

Bill of lading (5 marks)

2 types of B/L (5 marks)

Ans:

Bill of lading:

For Exporter

  1. It is an acknowledgment from the shipping company that the goods have been received for the purpose of shipment.

 

 

Q.6: What are the different types of custom duties levied on imported goods?

Explain the types of custom duties (10 marks)

Ans:

Explain the types of custom duties

Basic custom duty: Duty which is imposed on the value of goods at a specific rate is known as basic custom duty. It is fixed at a specified rate on ad-valorem basis. Ad Valorem duties are based on value and expressed as a percentage of the total value (assessable value = cost + insurance + freight + 1% landing charges). In case of import from some other countries, the rate specified is preferential rate and in general cases it is standard ate.

 

 

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IB0012 – Management of Multinational Corporations

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DRIVE: WINTER 2014

PROGRAM: MBADS (SEM 3/SEM 5) MBAFLEX/ MBA (SEM 3) PGDIB (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME: IB0012 – Management of Multinational Corporations

BK ID: B 1906

CREDIT & MARKS: 4 CREDITS, 60 MARKS

Q.1: ‘The eclectic theory is an analytic approach towards understanding foreign direct investment as well as the organizational issues of MNCs pertaining to international production.’ Critically examine this statement.

Discussion on the statement (10 marks)

Ans:

Under FDI an MNC enters a foreign country to produce the same products or provide the same service which are produced or provided in home country. In this way the same

 

 

 

Q.2: What do you understand by global sourcing? What are the different forms of global sourcing? Elucidate.

Meaning of global sourcing (4 marks)

Forms of global sourcing (6 marks)

Ans:

Meaning of global sourcing

procurement strategy in which a business seeks to find the most cost efficient location formanufacturing a product, even if the location is in a foreign country. For example, if a toy

 

Q.3: Why is a good organizational structure needed? Also discuss the benefits of a good organizational structure.

Need of good organization structure (5 marks)

Benefits (5 marks)

Ans:

Need of good organization structure:

Organization structures are related to setting up of internal authority relationships, responsibility for work performance, communication and control methods. These structures are established to blend the specialized expertise which is needed to facilitate decision

 

Q.4: How is the performance of employees assessed and appraised in multinational corporations? Explain in brief.

Performance appraisal in MNCs (10 marks)

Ans:

The concept of multi-nationality has a number of dimensions. For some the criterion may be ownership of the organization whereas for others it may be nationalities of the senior management. Some may decide on the basis of multi-country organization structure and operations. MNCs the source of multinational managerial control is technology including

 

 

Q.5: What are the main reasons pertaining to the inadequate attention towards issues relating to labour relations in MNCs?

Reasons (10 marks)

Ans:

MNCs use the resources of the host countries in most efficient manner so as to gain the maximum ignoring the wishes of the local politicians. The MNCs no doubt bring capital and

 

 

Q.6: Write short notes on:

  1. Indian MNCs (5 marks)
  2. FDI and MNC (5 marks)

Ans:

  1. Role and growth of Indian MNCs with examples

Indian MNCs are small in size. In recent years, due to the policy of economic reforms, Indian Companies are also becoming global. Some of the prominent Indian MNCs are:

  1. i) Tata Steel

 

 

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IB0011– International Marketing

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DRIVE- WINTER 2014

PROGRAM- MBADS (SEM 4/SEM 6)

MBAFLEX/ MBA (SEM 4) PGDMMN (SEM 2)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME- ib0011– International Marketing

Qus:1 The orientation of a company’s top management, its beliefs and assumptions significantly impact its approach to international marketing. Discuss the concept of EPRG framework.

  • Management orientations
  • Effect on international marketing

Answer:

Management orientations:

The orientation of a company’s top management, its beliefs and assumptions significantly impact its approach to international marketing. The concept consisting of Ethnocentric, Polycentric,

 

Qus:2 How do international economic institutions affect international marketing strategy of MNCs? Explain the role of any two of them.

  • Effect
  • Role of any two institutions

Answer:

Effect:

The Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) was the parent organisation of Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which was created in 1947 under the Marshall Plan to savage Europe post the World War II. In 1961, the OECD overtook

 

 

Qus:3 Define the concept and scope of international marketing research.

  • Concept
  • Scope

Answer:

Concept:

International Marketing Research is a complete analysis of the market, information regarding the nature, size, organisation, profitability of different markets, changes in the market and various factors – economic, social and political – affecting those changes. The main purpose of

 

 

Qus: 4 Differentiate between national and international products, global and standardised products with examples.

Answer:

Differentiate between national and international products:

National products are made for a specific national market whereas international products are made for regional and multinational markets.

 

National products:

 

A national product is one that, in the context of a particular company, is offered in a single national market. Sometimes national products appear when a global company caters to the needs and preferences of particular country markets. For example, Coca-Cola developed a

 

 

Qus:5 Write short notes on:

  1. a) Containerization
  2. b) 4 PL operators
  3. a) Role and benefits of containerization
  4. b) meaning and role of 4PL operators

Answer:

  1. a) Role and benefits of containerization:

Containerisation has revolutionised maritime business throughout the world. Cargo-carrying containers are an integral part of the transport industry. Containers facilitate both the unitisation

 

Qus:6 Choose a product and explain how you will prepare seven steps in a global e-marketing plan?

  • Choosing the product
  • Global e marketing plan

Answer:

Choosing the product:

A product is the main offering of a company to its customers. It defines the customer segments and competitors for the company. Five aspects of the product namely features, quality look and packing, branding and

 

 

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IB0010 & INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

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DRIVE Winter 2014

PROGRAM-MBADS (SEM 4/SEM 6)

MBAFLEX/ MBAN2 (SEM 4)PGDFMN (SEM 2)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME-ib0010 & INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

BK ID-B1759

CREDIT & MARKS-4 Credits, 60 marks

Q1. Discuss the goals of international financial management. 10

Answer: Goals of International Financial management: Effective financial management is not limited to the application of the latest business techniques or functioning more efficiently but includes maximization of wealth meaning that it aims to offer profit to the shareholder, the owners of the businesses and to ensure that they gain benefits from the business decisions that have been

 

 

Q2.The key component of the financial system is the money market that acts as a fulcrum of monetary operations. Write down the important points under each category mentioned below.

  1. a) Functions performed by money market
  2. b) International interest rates
  3. c) Standardized Global Market regulations.

(Explanation of important points of functions performed by money market, Explanation of international interest rates, Explanation of standardized global market regulations)3,3,4

Answer.

  1. a) Functions performed by money market

There are three broad functions that are performed by the money market.

 

 

Q3.Thousands of years back the concept of bartering between parties was prevalent, when the concept of money had not evolved. Explain on counter trade with examples

(Introduction of counter trade, Explanation of Different forms of counter trade, Examples) 3, 5, 2

Answer.

Counter trade

When the concept of money had not evolved. A person could give say 100 bags of wheat and get wood or coal, a certain quantity for cooking. These bartering contracts were between individuals or small kingdoms. Bartering exists today also but at different level. For example, Iran may give 100 million barrels of oil to France and get 5000 guns of certain type in exchange. We can say that

 

 

Q4.There is different techniques of exposure management. One is the Managing Transaction Exposure and the other one is the managing operating exposure, so you have to explain on both Managing Transaction Exposure and Managing Operating Exposure.

(Explanation of Managing transaction exposure, Explanation of Managing operating exposure) 5, 5

Answer.

Managing transaction exposure

Transaction exposure calculates gains or losses which occur after the current financial compulsions according to terms of reference are resolved. Taken that the deal would lead to a future inflow or outflow of foreign currency cash, any unprecedented alterations in rate of exchange amid the period

 

Q5.Every firm is going on concern, whether domestic or MNC. Explain the techniques of capital budgeting and the steps to determine cash flows.

(Explanation of techniques of capital budgeting-NPV, IRR, PI, Payback period, Determination of cash flow) 5, 5

Answer.

Techniques of capital budgeting-NPV, IRR, PI, Payback period

There are many techniques which can be used to analyze the projects. These techniques can be broadly classified into discounted cash flow techniques, which include net present value (NPV),

 

 

Q6.Write short note on:

  1. a)American Depository Receipts(ADR)
  2. b)Portfolio

 

 (Explanation of ADR, Explanation of portfolio) 5, 5

Answer.

American Depository Receipts (ADR):

It represents ownership in the shares of a non-US company and trades in the American stock markets. ADRs enable American investors to buy shares in

 

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BCA2050 COMPUTER ORGANIZATION

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(WINTER 2014) ASSIGNMENT

 

PROGRAM BCA (Revised Fall 2012)
SEMESTER 2
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BCA2050 COMPUTER ORGANIZATION
CREDIT 2
BK ID B1642
MAX.MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

1.What is difference engine? Briefly explain the structure of Babbage’s Difference Engine.

 

Answer : A difference engine is an automatic mechanical calculator designed to tabulate polynomial functions. The name derives from the method of divided differences, a way to interpolate or tabulate functions by using a small set of polynomial coefficients.

 

Charles Babbage (1791-1871), computer pioneer, designed two classes of engine, Difference Engines, and Analytical Engines. Difference engines are so called because of the mathematical principle on which they are based, namely, the method of finite differences. The beauty of the method is that it uses only arithmetical addition and removes the need for multiplication and division which are more difficult to implement mechanically.

 

Difference engines are strictly calculators. They

 

 

 

2 .What is the difference between fixed and floating point numbers?

 

Answer : Fixed point.

Numerical system in computer can be separated into 2 group , one is Floating point and another one is Fixed point. Floating point is mainly

used in calculation of software that run on PC. In PC there is the FPU or Floating Point Unit so it is possible to use floating point numerical system.

On the other hand , in embedded system , the capability of main processor is limit and maybe there’s no FPU so in calculation , the usablility of Fixed point

instead of Floating point is necessary.

Fixed point is numerical system that use

 

 

 

  1. Briefly explain the instruction characteristics.

 

Answer: An instruction set architecture (ISA) is the interface between the computer’s software and hardware and also can be viewed as the programmer’s view of the machine. Computers do not understand high level languages which have few, if any, language elements that translate directly into a machine’s native opcodes. A processor only understands instructions encoded in some numerical fashion, usually as binary numbers. Software tools, such as compilers, translate high level languages, such as C into instructions.

 

Besides instructions, the ISA defines items in the computer that are available to a program—e.g. data types, registers, addressing modes, and

 

 

 

  1. Briefly explain the read and write cycle of an 8086 processor.

 

Answer : The 8086 has a combined address and data bus commonly called as time multiplexed address and data bus. The main reason behind multiplexing address and data over the same pins is the maximum utilization of processor pins and it facilitates the use of 40 pin standard DIP package. The bus can be demultiplexed using a few latches and transceivers, whenever required.

Basically all the processor bus cycle consist of is at least four clock cycles. These are referred to as T1, T2, T3, T4. The address is transmitted by the processor during T1. It is present on the bus only for one cycle.The negative edge of this ALE pulse ids used to separate  the address and data or status information.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Describe Multiprocessing. Briefly explain Multiprocessor system.

 

Answer: Multiprocessing is the coordinated processing of programs by more than one computer processor. Multiprocessing is a general term that can mean the dynamic assignment of a program to one of two or more computers working in tandem or can involve multiple computers working on the same program at the same time (in parallel).

 

Multiprocessor Operating System refers to the use of two or more central processing units (CPU) within a single computer system. These multiple CPUs are in a close communication sharing the computer bus, memory and other peripheral devices. These systems are referred as tightly coupled systems.

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