MB0052 – STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND BUSINESS POLICY

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM MBADS / MBAN2 / MBAHCSN3 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 4)

PGDENMN /PGDFMN/ PGDHRMN / PGDHSMN / PGDIB /

PGDISMN / PGDMMN / PGDOMN / PGDPMN / PGDROMN / PGDSCMN / PGDTQMN – (SEM 2)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME MB0052 – STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND BUSINESS POLICY
BK ID B1699
Credit and Max. Marks 4 credits; 60 marks

 

Note – Answer all questions. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 What is strategy? Explain some of the major reasons for lack of strategic management in some companies?

 

Answer : The concept of strategy has been borrowed from the military and adapted for use in business.  A review of what noted writers about business strategy have to say suggests that adopting the concept was easy because the adaptation required has been modest.  In business, as in the military, strategy bridges the gap between policy and tactics.  Together, strategy and tactics bridge the gap between ends and means (Figure 1).

 

 

 

Reasons for lack of strategic management:

 

Communications

 

 

 

 

2 Explain the following:

 

(a) Core competence

 

Answer : The idea of “core competences” is one of the most important business ideas currently shaping our world. This is one of the key ideas that lies behind the current wave of outsourcing, as businesses concentrate their efforts on things they do well and outsource as much as they can of everything else.

 

A core competency is fundamental knowledge, ability,

 

(b) Value chain analysis

Answer : Value Chain Analysis is a useful tool for working out how you can create the greatest possible value for your customers.

 

In business, we’re paid to take raw inputs, and to “add value” to them by turning them into something of worth to other people. This is easy to see in manufacturing, where the manufacturer “adds value” by taking a raw material of little use to the end-user (for example, wood pulp) and converting it into something that people are prepared to pay money for (e.g. paper). But this idea is just as important in service industries, where people use inputs of time, knowledge, equipment and systems to create services of real value to the

 

 

3 Describe in brief the following environmental factors which a business strategist considers:

 

(a) Political factors

 

Answer : This exercise dissects the political, governmental, and legal aspects of a particular business. Both local and global environments are studied because federal, state, local, and foreign governments are major regulators, deregulators, subsidizers, employers, and customers of organizations. The growing interdependence among economies, markets, governments, and organizations underscores the importance of considering the political variables affecting the conception, development, and operation of any

 

 

4 Write a brief note on Turnaround strategy.

 

Answer : “Turnaround strategy is a corporate practice designed and planned to protect (save) a loss-making company and transform it into a profit-making one.”

 

Definition of Turnaround Strategy

The definition of turnaround strategy w.r.t different senses is depicted below.

 

 

 

5 Define the term ‘strategic alliance’. What are its characteristics and objectives?

 

Answer : A strategic alliance is a relationship between two or more entities that agree to share resources to achieve a mutually beneficial objective. For example, a company manufactures and distributes a product in the United States and desires to sell it in other countries. Another company wants to expand its product line with the type of product the first company creates, and has a worldwide distribution channel. The two companies establish an alliance to expand the distribution of the first company’s product.

 

 

 

6 Write short notes on the following:

 

a) Competitive advantage

Answer : Competitive advantage is the favorable position an organization seeks in order to be more profitable than its competitors.

 

The challenge for a marketing strategy is to find a way of achieving a sustainable competitive advantage over the other competing products and firms in a market.

 

A competitive advantage is an advantage over competitors gained by offering consumers greater value, either by means of lower prices or by providing

 

 

 

 

b) Porter’s Competitive threat model

 

Answer : Porter suggests that there are five basic competitive forces, which influence the state of competition in an industry. He calls the “structural determinants of the intensity of competition‟, which collectively determine the profit potential of the industry as a whole. Some industries have a bigger profit potential than others, since keener competition means lower profits. These five competitive forces are as follows:

 

Threat of New Entrants: A new entrant into an industry will bring extra capacity. The new entrant will have to make an investment to break into the

 

 

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MU0013: HR AUDIT

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM Master of Business Administration- MBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MU0013: HR AUDIT
SEMESTER 4
BK ID B1735
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

1 Write a note on the major Human Resource Development (HRD) Strategies.

 

Answer : Strategies for human resource development

The government should take responsibility for planning and overseeing the development of the necessary human resources. The strategies chosen should realistically reflect the needs and capacity of the country, and an adequate budget should be allocated. Consideration of the following aspects will help to ensure the development of a human resources policy that is supportive of national drug policy implementation.

 

It is necessary to plan from an early stage and to do so for short-, medium- and longer-term needs. A quantitative analysis of the human resources needed (including a realistic estimate of the attrition rate) may help to set priorities. Financial

 

 

2 What do you mean by Human Resource Audit? Discuss the purpose of HR Audit. Explain the common approaches to HR Audit.

Answer : A Human Resources Audit is a comprehensive method (or means) to review current human resources policies, procedures, documentation and systems to identify needs for improvement and enhancement of the HR function as well as to ensure compliance with ever-changing rules and regulations. An Audit involves systematically reviewing all aspects of human resources, usually in a checklist fashion.

 

Need for HR Audit:

The purpose of an HR Audit is to recognize strengths

 

3 Suppose you have joined as an HR and you are asked to carry out the HR Audit process in your organization. What are the methods you will consider while implementing the HR Audit process?

Answer : Human resources audit tools help you conduct thorough evaluations of your human resources effectiveness. You can use these tools to help you identify HR processes that are functioning well and those that require improvements. Common HR areas you should audit include your compensation system, performance appraisal systems, policies and procedures and health and safety practices.

Interviews and Questionnaires

Interviews and questionnaires help you acquire feedback from all of your employees, including top management. These tools are ideal when you want to get a better understanding of the work your employees perform. You can find out about their

 

4 What do you mean by HR Scorecard? Explain the steps undertaken to approach a Human Resource Scorecard.

 

Answer : The HR Scorecard Approach

HR creates value by engaging in activities that produce the employee behaviors the company needs to achieve strategic goals. Managers use an HR Scorecard to measure the HR function’s effectives and efficiency in producing these employee behaviors and thus in achieving the company’s strategic goals. The HR Scorecard – shows the causal link between the HR activities, and the emergent employee behaviors, and the resulting firm-wide strategic outcomes and performance.

 

  1. Creating a HR Scorecard – Three types of

 

5 Write a brief note on the effectiveness of Human Resource Development Audit as an intervention.

Answer : Perhaps India is the first country to formally establish a totally dedicated HRD (Human Resources development) Department separated from the Personnel Department. This was designed in the year 1974 when the term HRD itself was not very popular in the USA. Two consultants from the Indian Institute of Management , Ahmadabad after reviewing the effectiveness of the performance appraisal system and training in Larsen & Toubro recommended an Integrated HR System to be established and the department dealing with development issues be separated out from the personnel department and be called

 

 

6 Write short notes on the following:

 

a)Balanced Scorecard

Answer : The balanced scorecard is a strategic planning and management system that is used extensively in business and industry, government, and nonprofit organizations worldwide to align business activities to the vision and strategy of the organization, improve internal and external communications, and monitor organization performance against strategic goals. It was originated by Drs. Robert Kaplan (Harvard Business School)

 

 

 

b)Competency Mapping

 

Answer : Competency (or Competence) Management Systems  are usually associated with, and may include, a Learning Management System (LMS). The LMS is typically a web-based tool that allows access to learning resources. Competency Management Systems tend to have a more multidimensional and comprehensive approach and include tools such as competency management, skills-gap analysis, succession planning, as well as

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MU0012 – Employee Relations Management

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM Master of Business Administration- MBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MU0012 – Employee Relations Management
SEMESTER 4
BK ID B1734
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

1 Employees are the most important resource for any company. What do you mean by Employee Relations Management? Explain the different Employee Relations Management Tools applied in organizations

Answer : Employee Relations Management Tools

Employee relations refers to how a manager communicates with employees, develops a connection with them and helps them perform their jobs and understand workplace requirements. Managers have many different types of relationships with employees, depending on culture and the current school of management thought. Currently, many businesses encourage managers to develop close, coaching relationships with employees to help them grow their own skills and independence. But regardless of management focus, managers need the

 

 

 

2 As an HR of a Company, you are asked to focus on the causes of Grievance and the Grievance handling procedure. What according to you are the reasons of Grievance? Explain the pre-requisites you will consider while addressing Grievance handling procedure

Answer : Causes of Grievance:

 

(i) Promotions; (ii) Amenities; (iii) Continuity of service; (iv) Compensation; (v) Disciplinary action; (vi) Fines; (vii) Increments (viii) Leave; (ix) Medical Benefits; (x) Nature of the job; (xi) Payment of wages; (xii) Acting promotion; (.xiii) Recovery of dues; (xiv) Safety appliance; (xv) Superannuation; (xvi) Supersession; (xvii) Transfer; (xviii) Victimization; and (xix) Conditions of work.

 

Pre-requisites of a Grievance Handling procedure:

 

 

 

 

3 List and explain the various types of Disciplinary problems existing in an organization

Answer : Discipline is essential for organisations to regulate employee behaviour and to channel employee efforts in realising organisational goals. Management deals with all acts of indiscipline or misconduct according to the organisational rules and policies and the nature of the indiscipline.

 

Indiscipline can be classified as minor or major on the basis of the impact they have on the functioning of the organisation.Minor acts of indiscipline include absenteeism, late coming, negligence at work, failure to be present when required, inefficiency and acts of omission. Management correct minor indiscipline with written or

 

 

 

4 Discuss the Collective Bargaining Process and its issues

 

Answer : Collective bargaining is a process whereby trade unions, representing workers, and employers through their representatives, treat and negotiate with a view to the conclusion of a collective agreement or renewal thereof or the resolution of disputes.

 

A collective agreement is usually an agreement in writing between an employer and a union, on behalf of workers employed by the employer. It contains provisions reflecting terms and conditions of employment of the workers, and conferring to them their rights, privileges and responsibilities.

 

Sometimes the terms “bargaining” and “negotiating” are used to describe the same process. Theoretically, the term bargaining is probably better used to describe the economic interaction between an employer and an employee which is

 

5 What is a Trade Union and What are its activities? Explain the functions of Trade Unions.

 

Answer : A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, achieving higher pay, increasing the number of employees an employer hires, and better working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members (rank and file members) and negotiates labour contracts (collective bargaining) with employers. The most common purpose of these associations or unions is “maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment”. This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of

 

 

6 Write a brief note on the following Acts :

 

a) Indian Trade Unions Act,1926

Answer : In India, the first organised trade union was formed in 1918 and since then they have spread in almost all the industrial centres of the country. The legislation regulating these trade unions is the Indian Trade Unions Act, 1926. The Act deals with the registration of trade unions, their rights, their liabilities and responsibilities as well as ensures that their funds are utilised properly. It gives legal and corporate status to the registered trade unions. It also seeks to protect them from civil or criminal prosecution so that

 

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MU0011 – Management and Organisational Development

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM Master of Business Administration- MBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MU0011 – Management and Organisational Development
SEMESTER 4
BK ID B1765
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Define Organizational Development (OD).What are the characteristics of OD?

Answer : Organisational Development (OD) can be described as the systematic process to change the culture, system and behaviour of organization. It is process that helps in solving organizational problems and achieving organizational objectives. Organisational Development works as important mechanism that helps in impressing the organization and its employee through planned and established system.

 

 

2 As an HR, you find that the OD professional in your organization is not competent enough. What are the competencies you will consider in a good OD professional?

 

Explain any ten competencies required for OD professional

Answer : Much of the literature about the competencies of an effective OD practitioner reveals a mixture of personality traits, experiences, knowledge, and skills presumed to lead to effective practice. For example, research on the characteristics of successful change practitioners yields the following list of attributes and abilities: diagnostic

 

3 What are the characteristics of OD intervention? Explain the Six Box Model in OD.

 

Answer : There are eight characteristics of organization development interventions from more traditional interventions:

 

1. An emphasis, although not exclusively so, on group and organizational processes in contrast to substantive content.

 

2. An emphasis on the work team as the key unit for learning more effective modes of organizational behavior.

 

4 What is a Learning Organization? Discuss the attributes of a learning organization. Explain the in learning various learning disciplines organization

 

Answer : Learning organization :                                                                                      

A learning organization is the term given to a company that facilitates the learning of its members and continuously transforms itself. Learning organizations develop as a result of the pressures facing modern organizations and enables them to remain competitive in the business environment. A learning organization has five main features; systems thinking, personal mastery, mental models, shared vision and team learning.

 

 

 

 

5 Describe the impact of Technology in Organizational Development (OD).What are the benefits of using Technology in the field of OD?

Answer : The Internet, email, and Web conferencing tools have created the capacity for collaborating across time and space both within and between organizations. Just as technology has transformed the organizational environment, it’s also transforming the field of Organization Development (OD).

 

Impact of Technology intervention in Organization Development:

 

The Internet, email, and Web conferencing tools

 

 

6 Write short notes :

 

a) Senge’s Approach

 

Answer : The Learning organization concept was coined through the work and research of Peter Senge and his colleagues (Senge, 1990). It encourages organizations to shift to a more interconnected way of thinking. Organizations should become more like communities that employees can feel a commitment to. They will work harder for an organization they are committed to.

 

b)Nonaka And Takeuchi’s Approach

Answer : Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi propose a model of the knowledge creating process to understand the dynamic nature of knowledge creation, and to manage such a process effectively: the SECI model.

There is a spiral of knowledge involved in their model, where the explicit and tacit knowledge interact with each other in a continuous process. This process leads to creation of new knowledge. The central thought of the model is that

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MU0010 – Manpower Planning and Resourcing

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE WINTER SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM Master of Business Administration- MBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME MU0010 – Manpower Planning and Resourcing
SEMESTER 4
BK ID B1765
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

1 What do you mean by Manpower Planning? Describe the various stages & obstacles involved in Manpower Planning.

Definition of Manpower Planning

 

Explain the various stages involved in Manpower Planning

 

Explain the obstacles in Manpower Planning

 

Answer : Manpower planning means planning means deciding the number and type of the human resources required for each job, unit and the total company for a particular future date in order to carry out organizational activities. Manpower

 

  1. 2 What are the key HR elements practiced by HR managers in decision making?

 

Answer : A decision-making model describes the method a team will use to make decisions. The most important factor in successful decision-making is that every team member is clear about how a particular decision will be made. Who

 

  1. Define Resourcing Strategy. Explain the components of Resourcing Strategy.

 

Answer : Employee resourcing is a fundamental component of effective HR practice and it is absolutely crucial for any successful business. Effective resourcing will address issues of whom to employ in the first place and how to engage, motivate and reward them within the organisation’s structure. These considerations are critical to achieving mutually beneficial goals for both the employer and employee. The core principle

 

 

4 Define Career Planning Process .Describe the various factors involved in Career

 

Answer : Career planning is a subset of career management. Career planning applies the concepts of Strategic planning and Marketing to taking charge of one’s professional future.

 

Career management refers to the planning, supervising, controlling, handling, coping and administrating one’s professional life.

 

It comprehensively covers a detailed view of what you

 

 

5 As an HR, you are asked to focus on the Talent Development Process in your organization .How would you define Talent Development? Explain the necessity of Talent Development from an HR perspective. Explain the model for achieving excellence in Talent Development

 

Answer : Although unemployment figures may at times be on the up, it is a widely accepted fact that in the long term, a shortage of qualified staff is one of the greatest challenges facing us today. Increasing globalisation means that we have to fight even harder to secure the human resources and organisational skills available, and in particular this means that companies must fight to develop and retain special talents.

 

 

6 Write short notes on the following:

a)Recruitment

Answer : Recruitment refers to the process of attracting, screening, selecting, and onboarding a qualified person for a job. At the strategic level it may involve the development of an employer brand which includes an ‘employee offering’.

 

Objectives of Recruitment

 

 

b)Succession Planning

Answer : Succession planning is a process whereby an organization ensures that employees are recruited and developed to fill each key role within the company. Through your succession planning process, you recruit superior employees, develop their knowledge, skills, and abilities, and prepare them for advancement or promotion into ever more challenging roles.

 

Actively pursuing succession planning

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IB0013 –Export Import management

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM MBADS – (SEM 3/SEM 5) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 3) /

PGDIB – (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME IB0013 –Export Import management

 

BK ID B1201
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Discuss the motives and problems of international business.

 

Answer : Motives of international business

The factors which motivate or provoke firms to go international may be broadly divided into two groups :

(1) Pull factors

(2) Push factors

 

(1) Pull Factors:

Those factors or forces which attract the foreign

 

 

2 What are the various modes of payment by the importer? Discuss.

Payment by importer

Answer : Consignment Purchase

Consignment purchase terms can be the most beneficial method of payment for the importer. In this method of purchase, importer makes the payment only once the goods or imported items are sold to the end user. In case of no selling, the same item is returned to the foreign supplier. Consignment purchase is considered the most risky and

 

 

 

3 List the Principal and auxiliary export documents. Explain any two auxiliary export documents.

 

Answer : Principal and auxiliary export documents:

 

Both principal and auxiliary documents comes under the category of commercial documents. Documents required for an international sale can vary significantly from transaction to transaction, depending on the destination and the product being shipped. At a minimum, there will be two documents: the invoice and the transport document. Out of 16 commercial documents , there are 8 principal and rest are auxiliary documents.

 

 

 

4 What is bill of entry? Discuss its features.

Answer : A bill of entry is a formal declaration describing goods that are being imported or exported. This document is examined by customs officials to confirm that the contents of a shipment conform with the law, and to determine which taxes, tariffs, and restrictions may apply to the shipment. It must be prepared by the importer or exporter, with many companies hiring a clerk specifically to handle the preparation process.

 

 

 

 

 

5 How can the transit risk be mitigated in export import? Explain.

 

Answer : Transit risk and its coverage

This risk usually affects businesses that export and/or import, but it can also affect investors making international investments. For example, if money must be converted to another currency to make a certain investment, then any changes in the currency exchange rate will cause that investment’s value to either decrease or increase when

 

 

 

6 Write short notes on:

 

a) EXIM bank of India

Answer :The Export-Import (EXIM) Bank of India is the principal financial institution in India for coordinating the working of institutions engaged in financing export and import trade. It is a statutory corporation wholly owned by the Government of India. It was established on January 1, 1982 for the purpose of financing,

 

 

b)RBI guidelines on post shipment finance

Answer : RBI guidelines regarding post shipment finance :

 

Post-shipment finance means any credit provided by a bank to an exporter from the date of extending the credit after shipment of goods to the date of realisation of sale

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IB0012 – Management of Multinational Corporations

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE FALL SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM MBADS (SEM 3/SEM 5)

MBAFLEX/ MBA (SEM 3)

PGDIB (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME IB0012 – Management of Multinational Corporations
BK ID B1200
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

  1. 1. Macro environmental forces are uncontrollable as compared to micro forces.Discuss how they impact international business?

Answer: Different environments and their impact

 

Macro-environment consists of demographic environment, economicenvironment, natural factors, technological factors, political factorsand cultural factors. Let discuss each in detail how they affectbusiness strategy.

 

  1. Demographic Environment
  2. Economic environment

 

 

  1. 2. Discuss the following theories of international trade:

a) Heckscher- ohlin theory

b) Porter’s theory

 

Answer: a) Heckscher- ohlin theory

The Heckscher-Ohlin theory focuses on the two most important factors of production, labour and capital. Some countries are relatively well-endowed with capital; the typical worker has plenty of machinery and equipment to assist with the

 

  1. 3. Discuss the challenges and opportunities of International management.

 

Answer: International management consists of building an effective strategy, structuring an appropriate organizational design and managing people in a cross-cultural environment. Throughout these activities, companies must handle bureaucratic, technical, political, economic, linguistic, behavioral and cultural differences. Even if a small business does not pursue any international activities, a couple of these international

 

  1. 4. Compare the management styles in India and Japan.

 

Answer: India may witness US$ 20 billion worth ofJapanese investment in the next three years. Major problem of Japanese multinationalorganizations investing in India is to align employees who are from totally different socialbackground and used to different kind of

 

  1. 5. Explain the scope of comparative management.

 

Answer: Comparative management analyzes the extent to which management principles are applicable from one country to another. Since the leader in the development of management principles is the United States, comparative management seeks to determine the applicability of American know-how to foreign locales. Although the concept of comparative management evolved in the late sixties, it continues to be the subject of considerable debate.

 

Comparative management’s scope

 

 

  1. 6. Write short notes on:

a)International advertising

b)Transfer pricing

 

Answer:a) meaning and role of international advertising

Advertising that takes place in a country other than the country the product or service originates. Internationaladvertising is generally cross cultural marketing communications planned and executed to engage people in advertising. It entails the dissemination of a message to target audiences from more than one country.International advertising is also a business activity involving advertisers and the advertising agencies that create ads

 

b) meaning and usage of transfer pricing

The price at which divisions of a company transact with each other. Transactions may include the trade of supplies or labor between departments. Transfer prices are used when individual entities of a larger multi-entity firm are treated and measured as separately run entities.When costs need to be transferred from one department of a company to another department of a company. For example, the cost for lighting a building is transferred to an administrative department instead of a construction department.

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IB0011– International Marketing

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM MBADS – (SEM 3/SEM 5) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 3) /

PGDIB – (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME IB0011– International Marketing
BK ID B1199
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Discuss the different management orientations of a company. How does it affect international marketing?

Answer : Marketing Concept

One of the five marketing management orientations is the marketing concept. The marketing concept is based on the belief that a company must create, deliver and market products more efficiently than the competition in order to turn a profit. To implement this concept, managers focus on researching the target market and customer’s needs along with marketing the product in an integrated manner.

 

 

 

2 It is very important to analyze the politico- legal environment of a country in international business. Comment.

Answer : Getting acquainted with how politics and law affect business activities around the world is a critical concern of today’s successful global organizations. Especially in the past ten years, there have been substantial political changes around the world that have shaped business operations. New markets have opened, old ones have closed, and the level of uncertainty that exists presents many marketing challenges. Below I will discuss some of most important political and legal issues that are faced when doing business across borders.

 

 

 

3 Compare GATT and WTO and discuss the implications of WTO on international marketing.

Answer : For several decades, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade was applied on a provisional basis. It was a multilateral agreement containing rules relating to trade in goods, and although it operated like a permanent agreement, it was without a permanent institutional framework, and was serviced by an ad hoc Secretariat. The WTO now provides a permanent institutional framework for the multilateral trading system, with its own Secretariat. In addition, the WTO not only covers trade in goods, as the GATT rules did, but also trade in services and trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights. Also

 

 

 

4 Nestle is marketing bottled water to Pakistan. Which segmentation it adopts there and what are the other international market segmentations?

 

Answer : INTERNATIONAL MARKET SEGMENTATION

Market segmentation is the process in marketing of dividing a market into distinct subsets (segments) that behave in the same way or have similar needs. Because each segment is fairly homogeneous in their needs and attitudes, they are likely to respond similarly to a given marketing strategy. That is, they are likely to have similar feelings and ideas about a marketing mix comprised of a given product or service, sold at a given price, distributed in a certain way, and promoted in a certain way. Broadly, markets can be divided

 

 

5 Write short notes on:

 

a) International packaging

Answer : Packaging is defined in the regulations as “all products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and preservation of goods from the producer to the user or consumer.”

 

This applies where the product is one of the following:

 

  • ‘Primary’ or ‘Sales’ packaging is packaging which forms a sales unit for the user or final consumer, for example, a box containing

 

 

 

6 Select a product of your choice for export and explain how you will do the pricing and costing of that product.

Answer : Before doing the pricing and costing of a product we need to know below things :

 

WHAT IS COSTING?

 

Costing is the way the entrepreneur calculates or works out how much each individual product (goods or service) costs to produce or sell.

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IB0010 & INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SUMMER 2014
PROGRAM MBADS – (SEM 3/SEM 5) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 3) /

PGDIB – (SEM 1)

SUBJECT CODE & NAME IB0010 & INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
SEMESTER 3
BK ID B1759
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme

 

1 Write short notes on:

a) Measuring exchange rate movements

 

Answer : Measuring the exchange rate

Exchange rates are expressed in various ways:

 

Spot Exchange Rate - the spot rate is the rate for a currency at today’s market prices

 

Forward Exchange Rate - a forward rate involves the delivery of currency at a specified time in the future at an agreed rate. Companies wanting

 

b) Factors that influence exchange rates

 

Answer : Determinants of Exchange Rates

Numerous factors determine exchange rates, and all are related to the trading relationship between two countries. Remember, exchange rates are relative, and are expressed as a comparison of the currencies of two countries. The following are some of the principal determinants of the exchange rate between two countries. Note

 

 

 

 

2 The key component of the financial system is the money market that acts as a fulcrum of monetary operations.

Write down the important points under each category mentioned below.

 

a) Functions performed by money market

Answer : There are two types of financial markets viz., the money market and the capital market. The money market in that part of a financial market which deals in the borrowing and lending of short term loans generally for a period of less than or equal to 365 days. It is a mechanism to clear short term monetary transactions in an economy.

 

Money market is an important part of the economy. It plays very significant functions. As mentioned above it is basically a market for short term monetary transactions. Thus it has to provide facility for adjusting liquidity to the banks, business corporations,

 

 

b) International interest rates

Answer : In many industrial countries the domestic impact of interest rate developments abroad has become an increasingly sensitive question. Outside the United States the issue has centred on the possible influence of high or rising interest rates on a still fragile economic recovery. When inflation expectations are unknown, interest rate levels are, of course, difficult to interpret, and partly for this reason interest rates have come to play a smaller role as explicit objectives of monetary policy. In some – though not all – countries nominal

 

 

c) Standardized Global Market regulations.

Answer : The financial crisis of 2007 revealed fundamental weaknesses in the structure of financial regulation. In response, policymakers and regulators have embarked on an ambitious regulatory reform agenda that aims to achieve as much global co-ordination and consistency between regional reform efforts as possible.

How successful attempts at international co-ordination and consistency have been deserves further examination. Despite most of the regulatory changes taking place under the auspices of the G20, variations in the approaches taken on both sides of the Atlantic and in Asia can be observed and are increasingly significant. The general

 

 

 

3 Thousands of years back the concept of bartering between parties was prevalent, when the concept of money had not evolved. Explain  counter trade with examples

 

Answer :  Trading between nations has been happening since time began. In ancient time nations traded silk, spices, cloth and animals of all kinds. Today nation trade food items, defense equipment, metals, electronics etc. The products might have changed but the basic concept is still the same as the underlining need which brings together two nations in a trade relationship still exists.

 

One such method of trading between nations is called counter trade. Counter trade is an import / export relationship between nations or large companies in which good and/or services are exchanged for goods and services instead of money. In some cases monetary evaluations are made for accounting purposes.

 

 

4 There are different techniques of exposure management. One is the Managing Transaction Exposure and the other one is the managing operating exposure So you have to explain on both Managing Transaction Exposure and Managing Operating Exposure.

 

Answer : ‘Transaction Exposure’ is a risk which is faced by the organizations which are involved in international trade especially when they enter into the financial obligations. The risk which is faced by the companies is about the changes occurring in the currency exchange rates after they have entered into trade obligations in the international market. Many companies which face such a situation adopt hedging strategy which allows them to get locked in an exchange rate by using forward rates to evade the exposure of

 

 

5 Every firm is going on concern, whether domestic or MNC. Explain the techniques of capital budgeting and the steps to determine cash flows.

 

Answer : Capital investments are long-term investments in which the assets involved have useful lives of multiple years. For example, constructing a new production facility and investing in machinery and equipment are capital investments. Capital budgeting is a method of estimating the financial viability of a capital investment over the life of the investment.

 

Explanation of techniques of capital budgeting:

 

There are several capital budgeting analysis methods that can be used to determine the economic feasibility of a capital investment. They include the Payback Period, Discounted Payment Period, Net Present Value, Profitability Index, Internal Rate of Return, and Modified Internal Rate of Return.

 

  • Net Present Value

The Net Present Value (NPV) method involves discounting a stream of future cash flows back to present value. The cash flows can be either positive (cash received) or negative (cash paid). The present value of the initial investment is its full face value because the investment is made at the beginning of the time period. The ending cash flow includes any monetary sale value or remaining value of the capital asset

6 Write short note on:

 

American Depository Receipts(ADR)

Answer : An American Depository Receipt, or ADR, is a security issued by a U.S. depository bank to domestic buyers as a substitute for direct ownership of stock in foreign companies. An ADR can represent one or more shares, or a fraction of a share, of a non-U.S. company. Individual shares of a foreign corporation represented by an ADR

 

 

 

Global Depository Receipts(GDR)

Answer : Global Depositary Receipts (GDRs) are negotiable certificates issued by depositary banks which represent ownership of a given number of a company’s shares which can be listed and traded independently from the underlying shares. These instruments are typically used by companies from emerging markets and marketed to professional investors only.

 

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MI0036 –Business Intelligence Tools

 

 

 

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Summer 2014

Master of Business Administration- MBA Semester 3

MI0036 –Business Intelligence Tools -4 Credits

(Book ID: B1219)

Assignment (60 marks)

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should not exceed 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

  1. a. Emergency Medical Association (EMA) is a group of 250 board- certified emergency physicians. They are responsible for effectively managing the emergency departments. List out what BI values and applications they should be implementing.

Answer :BI values and applications :

In today’s healthcare environment, organizations are swimming in an ever-deeper pool of data yet many lack the technology to use this data as valuable information. As regulations change and the amount of data increases, organizations are turning to business intelligence (BI) solutions to harness data for precise decision-making to help improve patient outcomes, reduce costs, and ensure their organization’s future.

Below are numerous ways healthcare providers can

 

 

 

  1. Most of the credit card companies permit a consumer to get approval for specified amounts via mobile to ensure that the purchase is covered. This type of consumer support which retains a customer to the bank for a longer time is real time business intelligence. Define real time Business intelligence and the various steps involved in the process.

Answer : Real time business intelligence :

Real-time business intelligence (RTBI) is the process of delivering information about business operations as they occur. The speed of today’s processing systems has moved classical data warehousing into the realm of real-time. The result is real-time business intelligence. Business transactions as they occur are fed to a real-time business intelligence system that maintains the current state of the enterprise. The RTBI system not only supports the classic strategic functions of data warehousing for deriving information and knowledge from past enterprise activity, but it also provides real-time tactical

 

 

 

  1. Today businesses largely rely on the information available and can be communicated through various sources, both internally and externally with the help of internet. Explain the role of Business Intelligence in modern business. What are the three different types of decision that most business organisations take?

Answer : Role of business intelligence in modern business :

For many companies, new technologies are causing information overload, leaving decision makers overwhelmed with inadequate, incorrect, inconsistent and misleading information. Indeed, the various acts of retrieving and processing this often useless information can tie up numerous resources. Yet there are companies that manage to provide their decision makers with processed and automatically consolidated raw data, presented in an understandable, easy-to-grasp format. These

 

 

 

  1. a. Granularity of data is an important factor to be considered in the business which involves data warehousing. How the characteristics of data granularity does varies from application to application? List the different tools in data granularity.

Answer : Granularity refers to the level of detail of the data stored fact tables in a data warehouse. High granularity refers to data that is at or near the transaction level. Data that is at the transaction level is usually referred to as atomic level data. Low granularity refers to data that is summarized or aggregated, usually from the atomic level data. Summarized data can be lightly summarized as in daily or weekly summaries or highly summarized data such as yearly averages and totals. Granularity is the most important to the data warehouse architect because it affects all the environments that depend in the data warehouse for data. The main issue of granularity is that of getting it at the right level.

 

 

 

  1. Consider a data warehousing enterprise where a Total data quality management (TDQM) cycle has to be implemented. Find the members involved in TDQM team of that organisation.

Answer : Members involved in TDQM team :

Form a data quality improvement team, with: · A team leader, who is responsible (process owner) of the product attributes and has the power to implement solutions · A team engineer who can facilitate the team meetings · A data manufacturer who has extensive knowledge about the database system · A financial team member, who understands financial consequences of proposed solutions · Product attribute data suppliers, selected on the chosen product attribute to handle · Product

 

 

 

 

  1. a. You are given the responsibility to organize a tour for your batch to an organisation. Find out the parameters used by your team for data mining.

Answer : Parameters for data mining :

Data mining is sorting through data to identify patterns and establish relationships. Data mining parameters include:

Association - looking for patterns where one event is connected to another event

Sequence or path analysis - looking for patterns where one event leads to another later event

Classification - looking for new patterns (May result in a change

 

 

  1. According to a recent IDC report, knowledge management is in a state of high growth, especially among the business and legal services industries. As the performance metrics of early adopters are documenting the substantial benefits of knowledge management, more organizations are recognizing the value of leveraging organizational knowledge. Define Knowledge Management. Explain the various characteristics of Knowledge management. What are knowledge assets?

Answer : Knowledge Management :

Knowledge management (KM) comprises a range of strategies and practices used in an organisation to identify, create, represent, distribute, and enable adoption of insights and experiences.  Such insights and experiences comprise knowledge, either embodied in individuals or embedded in organisations as processes or practices. More recently, other fields have started contributing to KM research; these include information and media, computer science, public health, and public policy.

 

 

  1. How to make the best use of Business intelligence? What are the advantages of BI with sales?

Answer :Use of Business intelligence :

Business intelligence (BI) is a set of theories, methodologies, processes, architectures, and technologies that transform raw data into meaningful and useful information for business purposes. BI can handle large amounts of information to help identify and develop new opportunities. Making use of new opportunities and implementing an effective strategy can provide a competitive market advantage and long-term stability.

BI can be used in following ways wisely

 

 

 

 

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