BBA403 – International marketing

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2014
PROGRAM BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA 403 – International marketing
SEMESTER 4
BK ID B1714
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Q.1 Explain the meaning, need and significance of international marketing.

 

Ans : Meaning of international marketing :

 

International Marketing can be defined as exchange of goods and services between different national markets involving buyers and sellers.

According to the American Marketing Association, “International Marketing is the multi-national process of planning and executing the conception, prices, promotion and distribution of ideal goods and services to create exchanges that satisfy the individual and organizational objectives.”

It is concerned with the micro aspects of a market and takes the company as a unit of analysis. The purpose is to find out as to why and how a product succeeds or fails in a foreign country and how marketing efforts influence the results of

 

 

 

2 Discuss the indicators of economic condition of a country.

Answer : Economic indicators :

 

An economic indicator is a statistic about an economic activity. Economic indicators allow analysis of economic performance and predictions of future performance. One application of economic indicators is the study of business cycles. Economic indicators include various indices, earnings reports, and economic summaries. Examples: unemployment rate, quits rate, housing starts, Consumer Price Index (a measure for inflation), Consumer Leverage Ratio, industrial production, bankruptcies, Gross Domestic Product,

 

 

3 Culture is an invisible barrier to international trade. Discuss.

Answer : Culture is an invisible barrier to international trade:

 

Cultural factors have long been known to influence the communication and success potential of

competition. Cultural awareness shapes how business firms behave in cross-culturally reflected

international markets. It is broadly recognized that cultural factors act as invisible barriers in

international business communications.

 

 

4 What is branding? Discuss branding decisions.

 

Answer : The American Marketing Association (AMA) defines a brand as a “name, term, sign, symbol or design, or a combination of them intended to identify the goods and services of one seller or group of sellers and to differentiate them from those of other sellers.

 

Therefore it makes sense to understand that branding is not about getting your target market to choose you over the competition, but it is about getting your prospects to see you as the only one that provides a solution to their problem.

 

 

5 What is the mode of entry adopted by McDonalds? Discuss the various modes of entry in international business.

 

Answer : Mode of entry by McDonalds:

 

The attractiveness of a country as a potential market for an international business depends on balancing the benefits, costs, and risks associated with doing business in that country. The long-run economic benefits of doing business in a country are a function of factors such as the sixe of the market, the present wealth of consumers in that market, and the likely future wealth of consumers, which depends upon economic growth rates. While some markets are very large when measured by number of consumers, it is also important to look at the living standards and economic growth.

 

6 Write short notes on:

 

a) Transfer pricing

 

Answer : Transfer pricing happens whenever two companies that are part of the same multinational group trade with each other: when a US-based subidiary of Coca-Cola, for example, buys something from a French-based subsidiary of Coca-Cola. When the parties establish a price for the transaction, this is transfer pricing.

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BBA402- MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2014
PROGRAM BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA402 MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING
SEMESTER 4
BK ID B1713
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1.Explain the importance of Management Accounting and Need of Management Accounting.

 

Ans :  Small business owners are faced with countless decisions every business day. Managerial accounting information provides data-driven input to these decisions, which can improve decision-making over the long term. Small business managers can leverage this powerful tool to help make their business more successful by understanding how management accounting benefits common business decision contexts.

 

Relevant Cost Analysis

Managerial accounting information is used by

 

 

2 Explain the various steps in Budgetary Control. Advantages of Budgetary Control.

 

Ans :  STEPS IN BUDGETARY CONTROL

 

1)      Organization for budgeting

2)      Budget manual + Theory

 

“A document which sets out, inter alias, the responsibilities of the persons engaged in, the routine of and forms and records required for budgetary control.”

 

The budget manual is a written document or booklet that specifies the objectives of budgeting organization and procedures. Following are some of the important matters covered in a budget manual:

 

 

 

 

3 What is absorption costing? Explain the features of absorption costing. Write the differences between absorption and marginal costing.

 

Answer : Absorption costing means that all of the manufacturing costs are absorbed by the units produced. In other words, the cost of a finished unit in inventory will include direct materials, direct labor, and both variable and fixed manufacturing overhead. As a result, absorption costing is also referred to as full costing or the full absorption method.

 

Absorption costing is often contrasted with variable

 

 

 

4 Explain the three types of financing in working capital.

 

Raw material: Rs.80 per unit, labour: Rs.30 per unit; overheads: Rs.60 per unit, selling price/unit Rs.200: raw materials: one month, work in progress: 15 days, finished goods: 1 month; creditors: 1 month; debtors: two months, Wages: 45 days; overheads: 1 month; ¼ of production is sold in cash. Desired cash balance is Rs.3,65,000. Production per annum is 1,04,000 units. Estimate the working capital.

Ans :  Statement of Estimation of Working Capital

 

   
       
Raw material 1 x 8667 x 80 6,93,360  
       
WIP ½ x 8667 x80 3,46,680  
  ½ x 8667 x 90/2 1,95,008  

 

 

 

5 Use the following information to prepare:

 

A schedule of changes in working capital.•

 A funds flow statement of Sahana• & Co.

 

Liabilities 31.03.2010 31.03.2011 Assets 31.03.2010 31.03.2011
Capital 185000 210000 Goodwill (at cost) 60000 60000
P & L

Account

147800 176400 Land 47400 52400
Bank 120000 90000 Building 19400 19400
Loan 140000 122000 Plant 82600 72400
Bills Payable 20000 18000 Machinery 120000 128000
Creditors     Furniture 80000 72100
Provision for taxation     Inventory 50000 48300
      Debtors    
      Bills receivable    
      Bank    
      Cash    
  652800 684400   652800 684400
           

 

 

Ans :  Solution :

 

Schedule of chages in Working Capital
Working Capital Change
Particulars Previous Year Current Year Increse Decrease
A. Current Assets
Inventory                            82,600                             72,400            10,200

 

 

 

6 Give the meaning of dividend policy. Explain the significance of dividend decision and types of dividend policy.

Ans :  Distribution of a portion of a company’s earnings, decided by the board of directors, to a class of its shareholders. The dividend is most often quoted in terms of the dollar amount each share receives (dividends per share). It can also be quoted in terms of a percent of the current market price, referred to as dividend yield.

 

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BBA401- E-COMMERCE

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2013
PROGRAM BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA401- E-COMMERCE
SEMESTER 4
BK ID B1712
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Q.1 a. eBay is The World’s Online Marketplace®, enabling trade on a local, national and international basis. With a diverse and passionate community of individuals and small businesses, eBay offers an online platform where millions of items are traded each day. Mention and explain the various opportunities offered by ecommerce for businesses.

b. What are the advantages and disadvantages of e Commerce?

 

Ans :  a. Listing the opportunities and explaining

 

Electronic commerce or e-commerce refers to a wide range of online business activities for products and services.

 

Three primary opportunities are:-

 

1. Fastest Growing Segment:-

 

Jack Plunkett of Plunkett Research says

 

 

Q.2  a. The TCP/IP reference model is the network model used in the current Internet architecture. This model is derived from the OSI model and they are relatively same in nature. Explain the different characteristics of Gateways in the TCP/IP reference model with a neat diagram

 

b. Write short note on Hyper Text Mark up Language (HTML) with example

 

Ans : a. Characteristics of Gateways in the TCP/IP reference model:

 

1. TCP/IP has characteristics that enable the protocol to operate as its standardized implementation requirements dictate. These characteristics can combine with development choices that result in poor performance.

 

2. Transactional applications are affected by the overhead required for connection establishment and termination. For example, each time a connection is established on an Ethernet network, three packets of approximately 60 bytes each must be

 

 

b. Explanation  on HTML :

 

Developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990, HTML is short for HyperText Markup Language and is a language used to create electronic documents, especially pages on the World Wide Web that contain connections called hyperlinks to other pages. Every web page you see on the Internet, including this one contains HTML code that helps format and show text and images in an easy to read format. Without HTML a browser

 

 

 

Q.3 Hanson websites are built to work for your business and are built on the concept of intelligent website. An intelligent website is more than just a brochure on the web. It allows you to edit the website yourself through a Content Management System (CMS). What is the need for an intelligent website?

 

Ans : Need of intelligent Website:-

 

An intelligent site is always attractive. It always has the right balance or attributes, functional characteristics and content and they are organized in the way that they serve the best to the visits, and also stimulate revisits to the site. Following are the benefits of an intelligent website:

 

1. Save you precious time:

 

 

Q.4.  When a data is sent across the network it is encrypted and arranged in a way that even

if there is a diversion in the flow of data should not leak the data. At the reception it is decrypted and actual data is obtained. Explain the different methods of encryption technique.

 

Ans : Encryption:-

 

In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding messages (or information) in such a way that third parties cannot read it, but only authorized parties can. Encryption doesn’t prevent hacking but it prevents the hacker from reading the data that is encrypted. In an encryption scheme, the message or information (referred to as plaintext) is encrypted using an encryption algorithm, turning it into an unreadable cipher text (ibid.). This is

 

Q.5.  Explain the different categories of electronic payment system in detail.

 

Ans : These are the kind of systems that will accept payments through electronic means.

 

Types of Electronic payment system:

 

1. Electronic cards:

 

Electronic cards are designed to reflect your bank account. By having one, it means that you definitely do not need to visit your bank physically in order to access your account. Mostly cut out of hard plastic material to make them durable, the

 

 

Q.6. We know that there are various internet services which help us to make the use of network efficiently. Being a regular user of the various services without probably knowing the technical aspects explain those services in details with an example. 

 

Ans :  Internet services:

 

1. Electronic Mail:-

 

Electronic mail is one of the most popular and basic network services. It’s relatively low risk, but that doesn’t mean it’s risk free. Forging electronic mail is trivial (just as is forging regular postal mail), and forgeries facilitate two different types of attacks: attacks against your reputation and social manipulation attacks (e.g., attacks in which

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BBA105- COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2014
PROGRAM BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA105- COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS
SEMESTER 1
BK ID B1501
CREDITS 2
MARKS 30

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

 

Q.1. a. Determine the decimal equivalent of the given number (38.36)8 b. determine the decimal equivalent of the given number (511)16

 

Ans : a. Decimal to octal conversion formula :

 

To convert integer decimals to octal, divide the original number by the largest possible power of 8 and successively divide the remainders by successively smaller powers of 8 until the power is 1. The octal representation is formed by the quotients, written in the order generated by the algorithm. It is one of the most commonly explained problems in computer basics.

 

 

b. Decimal to hexadecimal conversion- formula:

 

Hexadecimal is base 16.

Base 16 is where the ‘numbers’ you can use are zero through to the letter F (0123456789ABCDEF). i.e. the decimal value for ‘1’ is represented in hexadecimal as ‘1’ but the hexadecimal value of ’15’ (decimal) is shown as ‘F’ (hexadecimal) and the value of ’17’ (decimal) is ’11’ in Hexadecimal. Also a Hexadecimal is converted into

 

 

  1. 2 You want Invite a set of friends for your wedding through email because you do not have enough of time to go and personally invite. How do you invite them with one personal mail?

 

Ans : Mail merge steps and example :

 

Suppose we write the invitation as follows:-

 

Dear friends,

You all are invited in my marriage at 12 jan, 2013 at Kamal palace, New Delhi. Kindly ensure your presence to bless and enlighten us..

 

 

 

 

Q.3. a. What is a Macro?

b. How do you create Macro?

 

Ans : a. Macro :

 

A macro (short for “macroinstruction”, from Greek μακρο- ‘long’) in computer science is a rule or pattern that specifies how a certain input sequence (often a sequence of characters) should be mapped to a replacement output sequence (also often a sequence of characters) according to a defined procedure. The mapping process that instantiates (transforms) a macro use into a specific sequence is known as macro expansion. A facility for writing macros may be provided as part of a software application or as

 

 

 

 

b. How do you create Macro:

 

1. Make sure you know how to perform each action you want and where to find all the menu options you need to select so you don’t have to search for them while recording. The macro will record every keystroke and mouse click, including those that are mistakes, such as clicking on menu options that aren’t what you want. These

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BBA104–Quantitative Techniques in Business

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Assignment

 

DRIVE SPRING 2014
PROGRAMME BBA
SUB CODE AND NAME BBA104–Quantitative Techniques in Business
SEM 1
BOOK ID B1500
CREDITS 2
MARKS 30

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1.  Give a brief description of the different measures of central tendency. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the three common averages: Mean, Median and Mode?

 

Answer : A measure of central tendency is a measure that tells us where the middle of a bunch of data lies.

The three most common measures of central tendency are the mean, the median, and the mode.

 

Mean: Mean is the most common measure of central tendency. It is simply the sum of the numbers divided by the number of

 

 

 

2. Explain the following:

 

a. Control charts for variables

Answer : Variables control charts are used to evaluate variation in a process where the measurement is a variable–i.e. the variable can be measured on a continuous scale (e.g. height, weight, length, concentration). There are two main types of variables control charts.  One (e.g. x-bar chart, Delta chart) evaluates variation between samples. Non-random patterns (signals) in the data on these charts would indicate a possible

 

when it is appropriate to make an adjustment and when it is better to leave the process alone.

 

b. Control charts for attributes

Answer : Attributes control charts plot count data, such as the number of defects or defective units against the sample number.

 

NP and P Chart

The NP and P Charts are control charts for defectives. NP chart tracks the number of defectives and P charts tracks the proportion of defectives (

 

c. Acceptance sampling

Answer : Acceptance sampling is a procedure used for sentencing incoming batches. The most widely used plans are given by the Military Standard tables, which were developed during World War II.

 

Types of acceptance sampling plans

Sampling plans can be categorized across several dimensions:

 

  • Sampling by attributes vs. sampling by variables: When the item inspection leads to a binary result (either the item is conforming or nonconforming) or the number of nonconformities in an item are counted, then we

 

 

 

3.  What is consumer price index number? Explain the methods of constructing consumer price index with an example for each.

Answer : A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of a market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by households. The CPI in the United States is defined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics as “a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services.”[1]

 

The CPI is a statistical estimate constructed

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BBA103 – Business Environment

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2014
PROGRAM BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA103 – Business Environment
SEMESTER 1
BK ID B1501
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1 Economic policies refer to the monetary and fiscal policies that affect the growth rate of the economy. Discuss in detail these policies.

 

Answer : Definition of fiscal policy. Fiscal policy involves the government changing the levels of taxation and government spending in order to influence Aggregate Demand (AD) and the level of economic activity.

 

AD is the total level of planned expenditure in an economy (AD = C+ I + G + X – M)

 

The purpose of Fiscal Policy

 

 

2 Differentiate between capitalist and socialist economies.

 

Answer : Capitalism and socialism are somewhat opposing schools of thought in economics. The central arguments in the socialism/capitalism debate are about economic equality and the role of government: socialists believe economic inequality is bad for society and the government is responsible for reducing it via programs that benefit the poor. e.g. free public education, free or subsidized healthcare, social security for the elderly, higher taxes on the rich. On the other hand, capitalists believe that government does not

 

 

 

 

3 Discuss the Industrial laws applicable in India.

 

Answer :  India’s laws are derived from English common law and seem recognizable to American, Canadian, British, Australian and New Zealand attorney and others familiar with the heritage of English legal practices

Many business laws in India predate its independence in 1947. For examples the Indian Contracts Act of 1972 is still in force although specific contracts such as partnerships and the sale of goods are now covered by newer laws. Specifically

 

 

4 What is disinvestment? What is the difference between privatization and disinvestment? What are the objectives of disinvestment?

 

Answer : “Investment refers to the conversion of money or cash into securities, debentures, bonds or any other claims on money. As follows, disinvestment involves the conversion of money claims or securities into money or cash.”

Disinvestment can also be defined as the action of an organisation (or government) selling or liquidating an asset or subsidiary. It is also referred to as ‘divestment’ or ‘divestiture.’

In most contexts, disinvestment typically refers to sale from the government, partly or fully, of a government-owned enterprise.

 

5 Describe the corporate social responsibility of business houses towards human resources with an example of an Indian Company.

Answer :  Corporate social responsibility :

 

Corporate social responsibility (CSR, also called corporate conscience, corporate citizenship, social performance, or sustainable responsible business/ Responsible Business) is a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model. CSR policy functions as a built-in, self-regulating mechanism whereby a business monitors and ensures its active compliance with the spirit of the law, ethical standards, and international norms. In some models, a firm’s implementation of CSR goes beyond compliance and engages in “actions that appear to further some social good, beyond the interests of the firm and that which is required by law.” CSR is a process with the aim to embrace responsibility for the company’s actions and

 

 

6 Explain the Indian economy with reference to the service sectors like Education and Health care.

 

Answer : Service Sector of Indian Economy contributes to around 55 percent of India’s GDP during 2006-07. This sector plays a leading role in the economy of India, and contributes to around 68.6 percent of the overall average growth in GDP between 2002-03 and 2006-07.

 

 

There has been a 9.4 percent growth in the Indian economy during 2006-07 as against a rise of 9 percent in the same during 2006-06. During

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BBA102- Organization Behaviour

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2014
PROGRAM BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA102- Organization Behaviour
SEMESTER 1
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme

 

1 What is meant by Organisational Behaviour? Describe the interpersonal role and informational role of managers.

 

Answer : Organizational behavior is the field of study that investigates how organizational structures affect behavior within organizations.

 

Organizational behavior studies the impact individuals, groups, and structures have on human behavior within organizations. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication, and management. Organizational behavior complements organizational theory, which focuses on organizational and intra-

 

 

2 What is the meaning of organisation design? Explain the following elements of Organization Structure:

(a) Hierarchy

(b) Division of work

(c) Unity of command

 

Answer : Organizational Design is the science (and art) of creating an organizational structure optimized to support strategic, business or cultural goals. It examines strategies, culture, structure, processes and more to achieve goals. An optimal design can improve efficiencies, drive desired behavior, spark innovation and

 

 

(a) Hierarchy

In a hierarchical organisation employees are ranked at various levels within the organisation, each level is one above the other. At each stage in the chain, one person has a number of workers directly under them, within their span of control. A tall hierarchical organisation has many levels and a flat hierarchical organisation will only

 

 

(b) Division of work

 

Division of Work and Specialization: Division of work leads to specialization. Every department of an Organisation should be given specialized functions. This will raise the overall efficiency and quality of work of an Organisation. At the same time, specialization and departmentation should not have any adverse effect on the total

 

 

(c) Unity of command

Unity of command principle suggests that each subordinate should have only one superior whose command he has to obey. Dual subordination is undesirable as it leads to confusion, disorder, uneasiness and

 

 

3 Define the term ‘Learning’. Explain any three theories of learning.

Answer : Learning theories are conceptual frameworks that describe how information is absorbed, processed, and retained during learning. Cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences, as well as prior experience, all play a part in how understanding, or a world view, is acquired or changed, and knowledge and skills retained.

 

 

4 What is meant by conflict? Describe the Sources of Conflict?

 

Answer : The effective management of workplace conflict requires an understanding of the nature and sources of conflict in the workplace. Conflict occurs when there is a perception of incompatible interests between workplace participants. This should be distinguished from disputes. Disputes are merely a by-product of conflict. They are the outward articulation of conflict.

 

 

 

5 Define the term ‘power’ with respect to organisational behaviour. What are the sources of power? Explain.

Answer : Power is an important dynamic (concept or variable) in organizational behavior.

 

Power – The Concept

 

Max Weber: “The probability that one actor within a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance.”

 

 

 

 

6 Explain the importance of Groups. Describe the stages of Group Development.

 

Answer : People from diverse backgrounds come together to form groups in business and personal settings. Whether you own a small business, are employed by a company, volunteer at a non-profit or are a member of a professional organization, working in a group is inevitable. Group work, whether it is a team of two or a team of 20, is important in solving problems and accomplishing tasks.

Importance of Groups :

 

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BBA101 – Communication Skills

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ASSIGNMENT

 

DRIVE SPRING 2014
PROGRAM BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BBA101 – Communication Skills
SEMESTER 1
CREDITS 4
MARKS 60
Book ID B1497

 

 

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

 

1. Depending on the channel used and the style of communication, there can be various types of communication. Explain the various types of communication based on channels and style.

 

Answer : Communication is a process that involves exchange of information, thoughts, ideas and emotions. Communication is a process that involves a sender who encodes and sends the message, which is then carried via the communication channel to the receiver where the receiver decodes the message, processes the information and sends an appropriate reply via the same communication channel.

Types of Communication

 

2 Discuss different types of communication network practiced in an organization.

 

Answer : Organizational communication is a sub field of the larger discipline of communication studies. Organizational communication, as a field, is the consideration, analysis, and criticism of the role of communication in organizational contexts.

Get to know the four kinds of communication networks. Within an organization, the following types of communication networks exist: wheel network, chain network, circle network and all-channel network. There is also a larger formal network called the organizational communication network, which represents communication within the

 

3 A good structured report helps the management to take vital decisions in an organised manner. Describe the structure and the steps involved in writing a good report.

Answer : : Structure of a good report :

 

In business, the information provided in reports needs to be easy to find, and written in such a way that the client can understand it. The structure of a report and the purpose and contents of each section is shown below.

 

1. Introduction :

 

 

 

4 What groundwork does one need to do to make an effective presentation? How do verbal, vocal and visual components of communication impact a presentation?

 

Answer : Guidelines for an effective presentation:

 

KNOW YOUR SUBJECT MATTER

 

While this first point may seem obvious, it is very important that you research every nuance of your subject.Read reports and look up information about the subject with the specific purpose of writing a presentationscript. When examined in this

 

 

 

5 Different purposes of reading require different methods of reading. Describe the various ways of reading. What are the techniques that you can use to improve your reading?

Answer : Ways of reading:

 

We read in different ways, depending on the purpose for which we are reading a text. Let us a look at few types of reading.

 

1. Extensive Reading:

 

As we have already mentioned, our way of reading is influenced by the purpose of our reading. Most of us have the habit of reading especially when we are free, or have a lot of leisure time. We might get hold of a novel, a comic strip, or a magazine.

 

 

 

6 Why is employment communication a necessary weapon for employer? What should an applicant look for before he submits a resume to his prospective employer?

 

Answer : Employment communication plays an important role between an applicant and the employer, the question what is employment communication? Employment communication is a conversation you have with an employer. For example you have an interview for a job you have applied, you show up, the interview starts by asking several basic questions such as what is your age, name, history, etc.

 

Later the employer approaches you with more

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BT0072 – COMPUTER NETWORKS

 

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ASSIGNMENT

PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER SECOND
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT0072 COMPUTER NETWORKS
CREDIT 4
BK ID B0954
MAX.MARKS 60

 

 

 

1 What is OSI model? Explain all its layers with diagram.

 

Answer : The OSI, or Open System Interconnection, model defines a networking framework to implement protocols in seven layers. Control is passed from one layer to the next, starting at the application layer in one station, and proceeding to the bottom layer, over the channel to the next station and back up the hierarchy.

 

There’s really nothing to the OSI model. In fact, it’s not even tangible. The OSI model doesn’t do any functions in the networking process, It is a conceptual framework so we can better understand complex interactions that are happening.

 

2 Write a short note on ALOHA protocols.

 

Answer : ALOHA is a system for coordinating and arbitrating access to a shared communication Networks channel. It was developed in the 1970s by Norman Abramson and his colleagues at the University of Hawaii. The original system used for ground based radio broadcasting, but the system has been implemented in satellite communication systems.

A shared communication system like

 

 

3 What is the function of data link layer? Explain the services of the data link layer.

 

Answer : Data link layer is the second layer in OSI reference model and lies above the physical layer. The data link layer performs the following functions.

1. Data link layer receives the data from the network layer & divide it into manageable units called frames.

2. It then provides the addressing information by adding header to each frame. Physical addresses of source & destination machines are added to

 

 

 

4 Explain Shortest Path routing Algorithm.

 

Answer : Shortest path can be calculated only for the weighted graphs. The edges connecting two vertices can be assigned a nonnegative real number, called the weight of the edge. A graph with such weighted edges is called a weighted graph.

Let G be a weighted graph. Let u and v be two vertices in G, and let P be a path in G from u to v. The weight of the path P is the sum of the weights of all the edges on the path P, which is also called the weight of v from u via P.

 

 

 

5 Discuss any two design issues of Session Layer.

Answer : Design Issues of Session Layer:-

 

The session layer is level five of the seven level OSI model. It responds to service requests from the presentation layer and issues service requests to the transport layer.

The session layer provides the mechanism for opening, closing and managing a session between end-user application processes, i.e. a semi-permanent dialogue. Communication sessions consist of requests and responses that occur between applications.

Session layers are commonly used in application environments that make use of remote procedure calls (RPCs).

 

 

6 Explain Recursive queries and Iterative queries that a DNS resolver (either a DNS client or another DNS server) can make to a DNS server.

 

Answer : A recursive name queries are generally made by a DNS client to a DNS server, or by a DNS server that is configured to pass unresolved name queries that it does not host the zone, to another DNS server, whether through a Stub, Conditonal or General Forwarder.

 

Interative queries is a request from a client that tells the DNS server that the client expects the best answer the DNS server can provide immediately, without contacting other DNS servers, whether it has the zone configured or not. The process then

 

Dear students get fully solved  SMU BBA Spring 2014 assignments

Send your semester & Specialization name to our mail id :

 

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BT0071-TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION – THEORY

Dear students get fully solved  SMU BBA Spring 2014 assignments

Send your semester & Specialization name to our mail id :

 

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ASSIGNMENT

PROGRAM BSc IT
SEMESTER SECOND
SUBJECT CODE & NAME BT0071,TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION – THEORY
CREDIT 4
BK ID B0954
MAX.MARKS 60

 

1 What’s Audience Analysis? Explain its significance in Technical Communication

Answer : In few words, audience analysis is to know more about your end-users.

 

Audience Analysis is the task to identify your target audience to make sure that the information provided in the end-user documentation is suitable for satisfying their information requirements.

 

Why should you conduct Audience Analysis?

 

 

 

2 Explain the role of a technical editor. Differentiate between Micro and Macro editing.

Answer : To understand the role of a technical editor, a person must first understand technical editing. The term, simplified and in the context of technical communication, is the process of reviewing, revising, reorganizing, and many other gerunds that begin with “re.” The goal of editing is to take an author’s work and improve it—for whatever goal that author has. The goals of each author (and of each industry) are different—they may be writing for publication, for presentations, or for their companies. All the

 

 

 

3 Explain the various phases involved in System Development Life Cycle (SDLC).

 

Answer : System Study

Preliminary system study is the first stage of system development life cycle. This is a brief investigation of the system under consideration and gives a clear picture of what actually the physical system is? In practice, the initial system study involves the preparation of a System proposal which lists the Problem Definition, Objectives of the Study, Terms of reference for Study, Constraints, Expected benefits of the new system, etc. in the light of the user requirements. The system proposal is prepared by the System Analyst

Dear students get fully solved  SMU BBA Spring 2014 assignments

Send your semester & Specialization name to our mail id :

 

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or

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